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What is Employer Payment Summary (EPS) Form from HMRC: A Comprehensive Guide


The Employer Payment Summary (EPS) form is an essential document for employers in the UK to report their payroll information to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). In this article, we will explore the purpose of the EPS form, when and how to submit it, and other relevant details to help you better understand this crucial component of payroll management.


What is Employer Payment Summary (EPS) Form


What is the Employer Payment Summary (EPS) Form?

The EPS form is a regular submission made by employers to HMRC, providing information about their employees' income tax, National Insurance contributions (NICs), statutory payments, and other payroll-related data. This form is used by HMRC to ensure that employers are paying the correct amount of taxes and contributions on behalf of their employees.


What is the Purpose of the EPS Form?

The Employer Payment Summary (EPS) form is a crucial component of the payroll process for employers in the UK. This document is used to report various payroll-related information to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). In this article, we will explore the main purposes of the EPS form and why it is essential for employers to submit it accurately and timely.


1. Reporting Income Tax and National Insurance Contributions

One of the primary purposes of the EPS form is to report the total amount of income tax and National Insurance contributions (NICs) deducted from employees' salaries. This information helps HMRC ensure that employers are paying the correct amount of taxes and contributions on behalf of their employees.


2. Providing Information on Statutory Payments

The EPS form is also used to report statutory payments made to employees, such as Statutory Maternity Pay, Statutory Paternity Pay, Statutory Adoption Pay, and Statutory Sick Pay. This information is vital for HMRC to monitor the appropriate allocation of statutory payments and guarantee that employees receive the payments they are entitled to.


3. Employment Allowance Claims

Employers can use the EPS form to claim Employment Allowance, which is a reduction in employer NICs. By including information about the Employment Allowance claim on the EPS form, employers can reduce their NIC's liability and potentially save money.


4. Construction Industry Scheme (CIS) Deductions

If an employer operates within the construction industry and is subject to the Construction Industry Scheme (CIS), they are required to report CIS deductions on the EPS form. This information helps HMRC track and monitor payments made to subcontractors within the construction industry and ensure the correct deductions are applied.


5. Compliance with HMRC Regulations

Submitting the EPS form is a legal requirement for employers in the UK. By accurately completing and submitting the form, employers demonstrate their compliance with HMRC regulations and avoid potential penalties for non-compliance.


6. Maintaining Accurate Payroll Records

The EPS form serves as a record of an employer's payroll data for a specific tax month. By submitting this form to HMRC, employers maintain accurate payroll records that can be referenced in the future if any tax-related inquiries or issues arise.


7. Facilitating Reconciliation of Payments

The information provided in the EPS form allows HMRC to reconcile the payments made by employers with the liabilities reported through Full Payment Submissions (FPS). This reconciliation process ensures that employers are paying the correct amount of taxes and contributions, and any discrepancies can be identified and resolved.


In conclusion, the EPS form of HMRC in the UK plays a critical role in ensuring the accuracy and compliance of payroll data submitted by employers. By understanding the purpose of the EPS form, employers can better manage their payroll processes and meet their obligations to both their employees and HMRC.



The Importance of Submitting the EPS Form

Submitting the EPS form is crucial for both employers and employees.


For employers, it helps them to:


Stay compliant with HMRC regulations

Avoid penalties and fines for late or inaccurate submissions

Ensure accurate calculation and payment of taxes and contributions

Maintain a transparent and accurate record of payroll data


For employees, the EPS form ensures:


Correct income tax and NIC deductions from their salaries

Accurate and timely statutory payments, such as maternity, paternity, or sick pay

Proper record-keeping for future reference or tax-related inquiries


Determining When to Send the EPS Form of HMRC

Knowing when to send the Employer Payment Summary (EPS) form to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) is crucial for UK employers to maintain compliance with payroll regulations. In this article, we will discuss the circumstances under which employers are required to send the EPS form and the submission deadlines.


1. Regular Monthly Submission

UK employers are generally required to send the EPS form to HMRC every month if any of the following situations apply:


  • They have made statutory payments to employees, such as Statutory Maternity Pay, Statutory Paternity Pay, Statutory Adoption Pay, or Statutory Sick Pay.

  • They are claiming Employment Allowance.

  • They have made Construction Industry Scheme (CIS) deductions.


In these cases, the EPS form is submitted in addition to the Full Payment Submission (FPS) to provide more detailed payroll information to HMRC.


2. No Payments Made to Employees

If an employer did not pay any employees in a specific tax month, they should still send an EPS form to HMRC. This submission informs HMRC that no payroll activity occurred during that tax month, and therefore, no FPS is expected.


3. Submission Deadlines

The EPS form must be submitted by the 19th of the month following the end of the tax month. The tax month runs from the 6th of one month to the 5th of the next. For example, the EPS form for the tax month of 6th April to 5th May must be submitted by the 19th of May.


4. Monitoring Changes in Payroll Circumstances

Employers should closely monitor any changes in their payroll circumstances that may require sending the EPS form. These changes may include hiring new employees, making statutory payments, or claiming Employment Allowance. By staying informed about these changes, employers can ensure timely and accurate EPS form submissions.


5. Using Payroll Software

Many employers use payroll software that is compatible with HMRC's Real-Time Information (RTI) system. This software can help employers identify when they need to send the EPS form by automatically generating the form when required, based on the payroll data input. Employers should ensure that their payroll software is up-to-date and configured to generate the EPS form correctly.


6. Consult with a Payroll Professional

Employers who are unsure about their obligations regarding the EPS form can consult with a payroll professional, an accountant, or an authorized agent. These professionals can provide guidance and support in determining when to send the EPS form, as well as help with the completion and submission process.


UK employers must be aware of their responsibilities to send the EPS form to HMRC. By understanding the circumstances under which the EPS form is required and adhering to submission deadlines, employers can maintain compliance with HMRC regulations and avoid potential penalties.


How to Complete and Submit the EPS Form


How to Complete and Submit the EPS Form

Navigating the process of completing and submitting the Employer Payment Summary (EPS) form to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) can be challenging for employers. This comprehensive guide breaks down each step, providing you with the information and tools needed to successfully file your EPS form.


Understand the Purpose of the EPS Form

Before diving into the process, it's essential to understand the EPS form's purpose. This form is used to report employee income tax, National Insurance contributions (NICs), statutory payments, and other payroll-related information to HMRC. Accurate and timely submission of the EPS form is crucial to ensure compliance with HMRC regulations and avoid penalties.


Determine When to Submit the EPS Form

Employers must submit the EPS form by the 19th of the month following the end of the tax month. The tax month runs from the 6th of one month to the 5th of the next. For example, the EPS form for the tax month of 6th April to 5th May must be submitted by the 19th of May.


Gather the Required Information


To complete the EPS form, you will need to gather the following information:


Employer's PAYE reference number

Accounts Office reference number

Tax month or period for which the EPS is being submitted

Total NICs and income tax deducted from employees' salaries

Statutory payments made to employees (e.g., Statutory Maternity Pay, Statutory Paternity Pay, Statutory Adoption Pay, and Statutory Sick Pay)

Details of any Employment Allowance claimed

Details of any Construction Industry Scheme (CIS) deductions (if applicable)


Choose a Method for Submitting the EPS Form


There are several methods to submit the EPS form to HMRC:


  1. Using payroll software: Many employers use payroll software that is compatible with HMRC's Real-Time Information (RTI) system. This software can generate and submit the EPS form electronically, simplifying the process.

  2. Using HMRC's Basic PAYE Tools (BPT): Smaller businesses with nine or fewer employees can use HMRC's free Basic PAYE Tools to submit the EPS form online.

  3. Through an agent or payroll bureau: Employers can also delegate the responsibility of submitting the EPS form to an authorized agent or payroll bureau.

  4. Complete the EPS Form Using Payroll Software


If you are using payroll software, follow the software's instructions to generate the EPS form. Most software will auto-populate the required fields with the necessary information. However, make sure to double-check the data for accuracy before submitting it to HMRC.


Complete the EPS Form Using HMRC's Basic PAYE Tools (BPT)


If you choose to use HMRC's BPT, follow these steps:


Download and install the BPT software from the HMRC website.


  1. Launch the software and select your employer record.

  2. Click on "Send a Full Payment Submission (FPS) or Employer Payment Summary (EPS)" from the main menu.

  3. Choose the tax month or period for which you are submitting the EPS form.

  4. Follow the on-screen instructions to enter the required information, ensuring accuracy and completeness.

  5. Review the form and submit it to HMRC.


Submit the EPS Form Through an Agent or Payroll Bureau


If you opt to use an agent or payroll bureau, provide them with the necessary information and authorize them to complete and submit the EPS form on your behalf. Ensure that you receive confirmation of submission from the agent or bureau and maintain a copy of the submitted EPS form for your records.


Information Required in the EPS Form

The EPS form requires the following information:


  1. Employer's PAYE reference number

  2. Accounts Office reference number

  3. Tax month or period for which the EPS is being submitted

  4. Total NICs and income tax deducted from employees' salaries

  5. Statutory payments made to employees (e.g., Statutory Maternity Pay, Statutory Paternity Pay, Statutory Adoption Pay, and Statutory Sick Pay)

  6. Details of any Employment Allowance claimed

  7. Details of any Construction Industry Scheme (CIS) deductions (if applicable)


Common Mistakes to Avoid When Submitting the EPS Form

Submitting the EPS form can be a complex process, and employers should be cautious to avoid common mistakes, such as:


Missing the submission deadline, which can result in penalties

Providing inaccurate or incomplete information, leading to incorrect tax calculations

Failing to submit the EPS form when required, causing discrepancies in HMRC records

Not keeping a copy of the submitted EPS form for future reference or audit purposes


Why Should We Use Professional Help for the EPS Form of HMRC


Why Should We Use Professional Help for the EPS Form of HMRC?


The Benefits of Using Professional Help for the EPS Form of HMRC in the UK


Navigating the complexities of payroll and tax compliance can be challenging for employers. Seeking professional help for the Employer Payment Summary (EPS) form submission to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) can be a wise decision. In this article, we will explore the advantages of using professional assistance for managing the EPS form.


1. Ensuring Compliance with HMRC Regulations

Professional payroll services and accountants have in-depth knowledge of HMRC regulations and requirements. By using their expertise, employers can ensure that their EPS form submissions are accurate, timely, and compliant with all applicable rules.


2. Saving Time and Reducing Administrative Burden

Managing payroll and staying up-to-date with tax laws can be time-consuming for business owners. Outsourcing the EPS form submission process to professionals can save employers valuable time and allow them to focus on other critical aspects of their business.


3. Avoiding Penalties for Late or Inaccurate Submissions

Filing the EPS form late or with errors can result in financial penalties from HMRC. Professional help can reduce the risk of such penalties by ensuring that the EPS form is submitted accurately and on time.


4. Access to Expert Advice

Payroll professionals can provide expert advice on various payroll-related matters, including statutory payments, Employment Allowance, and Construction Industry Scheme (CIS) deductions. This guidance can help employers make informed decisions and optimize their payroll processes.


5. Keeping Up with Legislative Changes

Tax laws and payroll regulations are subject to change. Professional payroll services stay informed about any legislative changes that may impact the EPS form submission process, ensuring that employers remain compliant and up-to-date.


6. Streamlining the Payroll Process

Payroll professionals can help employers streamline their payroll processes by providing a comprehensive service that includes not only the EPS form submission but also other payroll tasks such as calculating deductions, generating payslips, and submitting the Full Payment Submission (FPS) to HMRC.


7. Improved Record-Keeping

Professional payroll services often provide employers with digital records of their payroll data, including submitted EPS forms. This enhanced record-keeping can be valuable in case of tax inquiries, audits, or disputes.


8. Reduced Risk of Human Error

By leveraging the expertise of payroll professionals, employers can minimize the risk of human error in the EPS form submission process. Professionals use advanced software tools and their experience to ensure the accuracy of the information provided to HMRC.


9. Scalability and Flexibility

As a business grows, its payroll requirements may change. Professional payroll services can adapt to these changes, providing scalable and flexible support that meets the evolving needs of the employer.


10. Peace of Mind

Finally, using professional help for the EPS form submission process can provide employers with peace of mind. Knowing that their payroll is being managed by experts can alleviate stress and allow business owners to focus on their core operations.


In conclusion, utilizing professional help for the EPS form submission to HMRC in the UK offers numerous benefits, including ensuring compliance, saving time, and reducing the risk of penalties. By engaging the services of payroll professionals, employers can enjoy a more efficient and stress-free payroll process.

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