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What is an R43 Form?

Updated: Dec 11, 2023

Form R43 is used to claim the UK overpaid income tax and non-taxable personal deduction. Form R43 is a tax form used in the United Kingdom by individuals who wish to claim a repayment of overpaid tax on foreign income. This form is used when the taxpayer has received foreign income, such as rent from property overseas, that was taxed at a higher rate than it should have been.

What is an R43 Form

Thus R43 form is an essential document for UK non-residents who earn income from the UK. It serves as a tool to claim back tax and personal allowances on UK income, tailored for individuals who are not residents of the UK. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the R43 form, including its purpose, eligibility criteria, and the process of completing and submitting the form.

You Should Only Complete R43 if:

● You are not a UK tax resident

● You are a private individual

● You do not complete a UK tax return

Purpose of the R43 Form

The R43 form is specifically designed for individuals who are not residing in the UK but have UK income sources. These sources could include employment income, private pension income, interest from certain securities, annual payments like dividends and interest originating outside Britain, and specific UK pensions related to government work in Commonwealth countries.

Eligibility for Using the R43 Form

  • It is intended for individuals who are not UK residents.

  • It can be used to claim back tax on any UK income received in the current tax year or the last four tax years.

  • The form is applicable even if the individual has left the UK partway through a tax year.

Key Income Types Covered

  • Dividends from UK companies, distributions from UK authorized unit trusts, and open-ended investment companies.

  • Income from trusts or settlements or estates.

  • Interest from national savings and investments, other UK interest, alternative finance receipts from UK banks, building societies, and other deposit takers.

  • Rent from any property in the UK (special conditions apply if this exceeds £2,500).

  • Taxable state benefits, UK life insurance policies, life annuities, capital redemption policies, UK State Pension benefits, work pensions, and retirement annuities.

  • Any other UK income.

Tax Status and Residency

Before claiming, it's important to determine your tax residency status. If you spend more than 183 days in the UK in a tax year, you may still be classified as a UK resident. It's crucial to confirm your residency status, as it directly influences your tax obligations and eligibility for certain tax reliefs.

Double Taxation Agreements

If your country of residence has a double taxation agreement with the UK, you may be able to obtain relief under this treaty. This is an important consideration to prevent paying tax twice on the same income.

Claiming Process

The process of claiming through the R43 form involves gathering all necessary information, including details about your income, date of leaving the UK, current address, National Insurance number, and phone number. After compiling this information, you need to download the R43 form, fill it out, and post it to the relevant authorities​​.

Special Situations

  • Individuals working abroad for the British Crown, any other territory under His Majesty’s protection, or a missionary society.

  • Widows, widowers, or surviving civil partners of someone who worked abroad for the British Crown.

  • Individuals who were UK residents but now live abroad due to health reasons or the health of a family member residing with them.

Capital Gains Tax Considerations

While non-residents are typically not liable for UK Capital Gains Tax, they must report any gains arising from the disposal of interests in UK residential property. This aspect is crucial for individuals owning property in the UK but residing elsewhere.

Income from UK Property and Investments

For income from UK property and investments, different rules apply. Jointly held property or investments might have specific considerations for income distribution and tax liability.

Rental Business Activities

Rental business activities in the UK are treated as parts of a single business if carried out by the same person. However, when different legal capacities are involved (such as trustees, executors, and partners), different rental businesses may result.

In short, the R43 form is a critical tool for individuals not residing in the UK but earning income from there. Understanding the eligibility criteria, income types covered, and the detailed claiming process is vital for effectively utilizing the form. In the next part of this article, we will delve deeper into the practical aspects of filling out and submitting the R43 form, along with key considerations to keep in mind during this process.

The need to complete R43 depends on the circumstances. The taxation of foreigners is complex. It is important to understand what you need to do to ensure that you only pay the taxes you owe.

How To Complete Form R43

To complete Form R43, individuals must provide their personal details, including their name, address, and National Insurance number. They must also provide information about the foreign income they received, including the amount, the tax year in which it was received, and the source of the income. In addition, individuals must explain why they believe the tax on their foreign income was calculated incorrectly and provide any supporting documentation that they have.

The process of completing and submitting the R43 form is a crucial step for UK non-residents to claim tax refunds and personal allowances on their UK income. This section aims to guide you through the intricacies of filling out the form, along with providing insights into the submission process and handling special cases.

Step-by-Step Guide to Completing the R43 Form

Gathering Necessary Information

  • Personal details: National Insurance number, current address, phone number.

  • Income details: Types and amounts of UK income, including dividends, interest, rent, pensions, etc.

  • Residency status: Documentation proving your residency status in another country.

  • Tax status: Information on any double taxation agreement applicable.

Understanding Different Sections of the Form

  • Personal details and residency status.

  • Details of different types of UK income.

  • Information on any tax already paid in the UK.

  • Declaration and signature.

Filling Out Income Details

  • Employment income, pensions, and annuities.

  • Dividends from UK companies.

  • Interest from savings and investments.

  • Rental income from UK property.

Declaring Capital Gains

If you disposed of interests in UK residential property, you need to declare any capital gains. This is crucial even for non-residents.

Special Situations

If you are a widow, widower, or surviving civil partner of someone who worked for the British Crown or if you work abroad for the British Crown, additional sections of the form must be completed.

Submitting the R43 Form

Physical Submission

Currently, the R43 form can be filled out and mailed to the relevant tax authority. Ensure that all sections are completed and the form is signed before posting.

Deadline for Submission

The form should be submitted after the end of the tax year for which you are claiming. You can claim for the current tax year and the last four tax years.

Tracking Your Claim

After submission, you can check the status of your claim and when you can expect a reply from HMRC.

Handling Special Cases

Joint Income

For income from jointly held investments or property, you need to report your share based on the ownership proportion or, if different, the actual income distribution.

Rental Business Activities

If you have rental income from more than one property in the UK, treat these as part of a single rental business for tax purposes.

Health-Related Residency Changes

If you moved abroad for health reasons, special provisions might apply, and additional documentation may be required.

tep by Step Guide to Fill the R43 Form & Answer Questions

Step by Step Guide to Fill the R43 Form & Answer Questions

The R43 form is a document for individuals not resident in the UK to claim personal allowances and tax repayment on UK income. Below is a detailed guide on how to fill out each section of the R43 form.

Section A: Residence

  1. A1: Indicate your residency status for the tax year this claim is for. Tick 'Yes' if you were or expect to be a resident in the UK, or 'No' if not. If 'Yes', do not use this form but use form R40 instead.

  2. A2: If you ticked 'No' in A1 and were previously a resident in the UK, enter the date you left the UK (DD/MM/YYYY format)​​.

Section B: Personal Details of Claimant

  1. Enter your title (Mr, Mrs, Ms, Miss, or other), first name, and surname.

  2. Provide your current address and the country you are residing in.

  3. Fill in your date of birth (DD/MM/YYYY format).

  4. Enter your UK National Insurance number (if applicable).

  5. State your nationality.

  6. Provide a contact phone number, including the international dialing code, and indicate the best time to call.

Section C: Income from the UK

  1. C1 Dividends: Detail any dividends received from UK companies, unit trusts, or investment companies. Enter the dividend amount and any tax credit.

  2. C2 Interest: Record interest from National Savings and Investments and other UK sources. Include interest before and after tax, and any income tax taken off.

  3. C3 Property in the UK: Declare rent received from UK property, both gross income and income after expenses. Include the address of the property and if applicable, details of any UK letting agent.

  4. C4 UK State Pension and Benefits: State the amounts before tax for state pension, lump sum, incapacity benefit, and other state benefits.

  5. C5 Work Pensions and Retirement Annuities: Provide details of work pensions and retirement annuities, including the payer's name and amount before tax.

  6. C6 Income from Trusts or Settlements: Include income from trusts or settlements, the net amount after tax, and any tax paid or tax credit.

  7. C7 Other UK Income: List any other UK income not mentioned elsewhere, including gross amounts before tax and tax taken off.

  8. C8 Chargeable Event Gains: Report any gains on UK life insurance policies, annuities, or capital redemption policies, and the tax treated as paid.

Section D: Deductions

  • D1: State any deductions paid out of income liable to UK tax, including donations to UK charities.

Section E: Income from UK Government Securities

  • E1: Indicate if you spent 183 days or more in the UK in any one tax year since April 5, 2009, or an average of 91 days a tax year. Provide details of FOTRA security income and tax taken off.

Section F: Claim for UK Tax Allowances

  1. F1 Personal Allowance: Check the box that applies to you based on your citizenship, residence status, or other conditions outlined in the guidance notes.

  2. F2 Married Couple's Allowance: Claim this if applicable, providing your spouse or civil partner's details, date of marriage or civil partnership, and their date of birth.

  3. F3 Blind Person's Allowance: Tick if you want to claim this allowance.

  4. F4 Repayment Claim: Use this if you’re not entitled to allowances but wish to claim a repayment of UK tax taken off.

Section G: Payment Details and Authority

  1. G1: Authorize a nominee to receive the repayment on your behalf, providing their name and address.

  2. G2: Request the repayment to be sent to an address other than your residential address.

Section H: Declaration

  1. Sign and date the form, and write your full name in capital letters.

  2. If signing on behalf of someone else, state your capacity (e.g., parent, executor, attorney)​​.

General Tips

  • Ensure all sections are completed accurately.

  • Attach additional sheets if more space is needed for any section.

  • Refer to the guidance notes for detailed instructions on specific sections.

  • Double-check all entries for accuracy before signing and dating the form.

Once Form R43 has been completed and submitted, HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) will review the claim and determine whether a tax repayment is due. If HMRC agrees that a tax repayment is due, they will send a cheque or make a direct payment to the taxpayer's bank account. If HMRC disagrees with the claim, they will send a letter explaining why and what steps the taxpayer can take to challenge the decision.

It's important to note that Form R43 must be submitted within four years of the end of the tax year in which the foreign income was received. If the form is submitted after this deadline, HMRC may not be able to process the claim and the taxpayer may miss out on their tax repayment.

Tips for Completing and Submitting the R43 Form

  1. Check Eligibility and Residency Status: Before filling out the form, confirm your residency status and ensure you meet the eligibility criteria for using the R43 form.

  2. Gather All Relevant Information: Collect all necessary details, including income data, personal information, and any documentation proving your tax residency in another country.

  3. Understand Tax Treaties: Be aware of any double taxation agreements between your country of residence and the UK, as they may impact your tax obligations.

  4. Accurately Report All Income: Ensure all UK income is accurately reported, including rental income, pensions, dividends, and interest.

  5. Consider Special Situations: Pay special attention if you are in a unique situation, such as working for the British Crown abroad or having moved for health reasons. Different rules may apply.

  6. Stay Informed About Capital Gains Tax: Be aware of your obligations regarding capital gains tax, especially if you have disposed of interests in UK residential property.

  7. Track Your Claim: After submission, keep track of your claim’s status and expected response time from HMRC.

  8. Consult Guidance Notes: Utilize the guidance notes provided for the R43 form to assist in completing the form accurately.

  9. Double-Check Before Submission: Before mailing the form, review it thoroughly to ensure all information is correct and complete.

  10. Keep Copies of Your Submission: Retain copies of the completed form and any accompanying documentation for your records.

In addition, individuals must also ensure that they have paid the correct amount of tax on their foreign income in the country where the income was received. If the foreign country has a double taxation agreement with the UK, this means that the taxpayer will not have to pay tax on the same income in both countries. However, if there is no double taxation agreement in place, the taxpayer may have to pay tax on their foreign income in both the UK and the foreign country.

It's also important to remember that individuals who receive foreign income are still required to declare this income on their UK tax return. Failing to declare foreign income could result in penalties and interest charges.

How to Fill Out the R43 Form Online

● Enter your official ID and contact details.

● If necessary, use a checkmark to indicate your preferences.

● Double-check all entry fields to ensure maximum accuracy.

● Press Done after filling in the blank.

● You can now print, download or share the form.

In conclusion, filling out and submitting the R43 form requires careful attention to detail and a thorough understanding of your income sources and tax status. By following the outlined steps and considering the special situations that may apply to your case, you can successfully navigate this process. In the final part of this article, we will explore common queries and tips related to the R43 form, providing further clarity and assistance for UK non-residents in managing their UK tax obligations.

Double Taxation Treaty

Britain has "double taxation treaties" with a number of countries to help people avoid double taxation. If you live in one of these normal countries, you may be entitled to part or all of your UK income tax. This is especially true of bonuses, interest payments, and pensions.

Capital Gains Tax

This is the tax you pay on the income from the sale of the goods. You generally don't have to pay UK capital gains tax if you don't live here.

Benefits You Can Apply for, as a Non-Resident

Life Insurance Premium Exemption

Only on policies purchased before March 13, 1984. This exemption can only be applied to the premium payer, regardless of who is indicated on the policy.

Supplement for the Blind Persons

This is usually not paid to blind or severely visually impaired people. If you think you are an exception, follow a procedure.

Supplement for Married Couples

This is only available for those born before April 5, 1935.

Personal Consent

As a non-resident, you are entitled to the same amount of personal allowance as a UK resident. There is a three-tier system based on the date of birth. Currently, they are:

- It was born before 6 April 1938, the highest rate of £ 10,660

- Born between April 6, 1938, and 1948, a premium rate of £ 10,500

- Born after April 5th 1948, base rate £ 10,000

What about Joint Income?

If you are in a civil partnership or marriage, you will be treated as a natural person for UK tax purposes. This means that they both have to fill their R43. All collective investments are held as collective investments, even if they are in the wrong owner.

What is an R43 Form?

Apply for the Same UK Tax Benefit Status as a UK Resident

To apply for the R43 form, at least one of the following criteria must be met during the fiscal year;

● Do you work for the British crown or are you the surviving spouse of a British crown employee? This also applies to cohabitants, widows, and widowers.

● Work on a corporate mission.

● Be a British citizen or citizen of a member state of the EEA (European Economic Area).

● Residents of the Isle of Man or the Channel Islands.

● You were based in the UK and moved overseas to improve your health or that of a family member.

● They are deployed in the service of any territory protected by His Majesty.

If you are a citizen living in a large list of countries, you must have a tax certificate from the tax authority in the country where you live. You must therefore declare that you are a "tax resident" there. You must also have proof of your citizenship.

The current countries are; Egypt, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Canada, China, Croatia, Gambia, India, Indonesia, Ivory Coast (Ivory Coast), Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea (Republic ), Lesotho, Malaysia, Montenegro, Morocco, New Zealand, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russian Federation, Serbia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam or Zimbabwe.

Remember: HMRC Can Change This List at Any Time

Again, there are some countries that require you as a resident to obtain a certificate from the tax authorities to prove that you are a resident "for tax purposes". The relevant countries are here; Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Burma, Fiji, Greece, Ireland, Kenya, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Namibia, the Netherlands, Portugal, Swaziland, Sweden or Zambia.

Form R43 is a tool for individuals in the UK who believe that they have been taxed on their foreign income at an incorrect rate. By completing the form and submitting it to HMRC, individuals can claim a repayment of overpaid tax if they are entitled to one. However, it's important to submit the form within the four-year deadline, to ensure that the correct amount of tax has been paid on the foreign income in the foreign country, and to declare the foreign income on their UK tax return to avoid penalties and interest charges.

How a Tax Accountant Can Help You with R43 Form

The R43 form is a crucial document for UK non-residents seeking to claim tax refunds and personal allowances on their UK income. Navigating through its complexities can be daunting, especially for those unfamiliar with UK tax laws. This is where the expertise of a tax accountant becomes invaluable. Below, we delve into how a tax accountant can assist you with the R43 form, ensuring accuracy, compliance, and maximization of your potential tax benefits.

Expert Guidance on Eligibility and Compliance

A tax accountant can provide expert advice on your eligibility to use the R43 form. They will assess your residency status and ensure that you meet all the necessary criteria. This step is crucial, as incorrectly assessing your eligibility could lead to compliance issues or missed opportunities for tax refunds.

Accurate Assessment of Taxable UK Income

Determining which types of income need to be declared on the R43 form can be complex. A tax accountant can accurately assess and categorize your UK income, including dividends, pensions, rental income, and interest from savings. Their expertise ensures that all relevant income types are correctly reported, reducing the risk of errors and potential disputes with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC).

Advice on Double Taxation Agreements

If your country of residence has a double taxation agreement with the UK, a tax accountant can advise on how this impacts your tax liabilities. They can help you understand and apply the provisions of such treaties, potentially reducing the amount of tax you owe and preventing the risk of paying tax twice on the same income.

Assistance with Complex Income Sources

The R43 form covers various complex income sources, such as income from trusts or estates, chargeable event gains on life policies, and income from government securities. A tax accountant can provide clarity on these complex areas, ensuring that your form is filled out correctly and comprehensively.

Navigating Special Situations

For individuals in special situations, such as those working for the British Crown abroad or those who have moved abroad for health reasons, a tax accountant can provide tailored advice. They can help you understand the specific rules and exemptions that apply to your situation, ensuring that your claim is accurate and maximized.

Maximizing Allowances and Reliefs

Tax accountants can help you understand and claim all applicable allowances and reliefs, such as the personal allowance, married couple's allowance, or blind person's allowance. They ensure that you claim all the benefits you’re entitled to, potentially increasing your tax refund.

Preparation and Submission of the Form

Filling out the R43 form can be tedious and time-consuming. A tax accountant can take on this task, ensuring that the form is accurately completed and submitted in a timely manner. They can also handle any correspondence with HMRC, acting as a liaison to resolve any queries or issues.

Ensuring Accuracy and Reducing Risk of Errors

A tax accountant's expertise significantly reduces the risk of errors, which can lead to delays, audits, or penalties. They can double-check the figures and information provided, ensuring everything is accurate and compliant with UK tax laws.

Post-Submission Support

After the submission of the R43 form, a tax accountant can offer support in tracking the claim’s status and responding to any HMRC inquiries. Their ongoing support can be crucial in case of additional documentation requests or in resolving any discrepancies.

Tailored Advice and Peace of Mind

Perhaps one of the most significant benefits of engaging a tax accountant is the tailored advice and peace of mind they offer. They can provide personalized guidance based on your specific circumstances, ensuring that you make informed decisions about your UK tax obligations.

In conclusion, a tax accountant plays a pivotal role in assisting with the R43 form. Their expertise ensures compliance, accuracy, and maximization of tax benefits. By leveraging their knowledge and skills, you can navigate the complexities of the UK tax system with confidence, ensuring that your tax affairs are in good hands.

Important FAQs About R43 Form

25 Important FAQs About R43 Form

Q1: Can I submit the R43 form online? A: Yes, currently the R43 form can be submitted online. It can also be filled out and sent via post to HMRC.

Q2: How long does it take to process an R43 claim?

A: The processing time can vary. Generally, it takes several weeks, but during busy periods it may take longer.

Q3: Is it necessary to claim every year using the R43 form?

A: Yes, if you have UK income that is subject to tax and you are a non-resident, you should complete an R43 form each year to claim any applicable tax reliefs or refunds.

Q4: Can I amend a mistake on the R43 form after submission?

A: Yes, if you realize there's a mistake after submitting the form, you should contact HMRC as soon as possible to rectify it.

Q5: Does the R43 form cover income from self-employment in the UK?

A: Yes, income from self-employment in the UK needs to be declared on the R43 form.

Q6: Are there penalties for submitting the R43 form late?

A: The R43 form itself does not have a strict deadline like a tax return, but delaying your claim could impact the tax year for which you can claim.

Q7: Can I claim child benefit using the R43 form?

A: No, child benefit claims are not processed through the R43 form. You need to use a different process for child benefit claims.

Q8: Do I need to report overseas income on the R43 form?

A: No, the R43 form is specifically for reporting UK income for non-residents. Overseas income is not relevant to this form.

Q9: How do I determine the amount of tax refund I can expect from the R43 form? A: The refund amount depends on various factors like your income level and tax paid. A tax accountant can help you estimate this.

Q10: Is it mandatory to have a National Insurance number to fill out the R43 form?

A: It's not mandatory, but having a National Insurance number helps HMRC process your claim more efficiently.

Q11: Can I claim for more than one tax year using a single R43 form?

A: No, you need to fill out a separate R43 form for each tax year you are claiming for.

Q12: If I have no UK income for a particular year, do I still need to file an R43 form?

A: No, if you have no UK income for a particular year, there's no need to file an R43 form for that year.

Q13: How do I obtain an R43 form?

A: You can download the R43 form from the HMRC website or request a paper copy by contacting them.

Q14: Can I claim tax relief for educational expenses on the R43 form?

A: No, educational expenses are not typically claimable through the R43 form.

Q15: If I'm a UK national living abroad, do I still use the R43 form?

A: Yes, UK nationals living abroad but earning income from the UK should use the R43 form to claim tax refunds or allowances.

Q16: Does the R43 form apply to income from investments in the UK?

A: Yes, income from investments in the UK, including dividends and interest, should be reported on the R43 form.

Q17: What if I receive income in both the UK and another country?

A: You should report only your UK income on the R43 form. Income from other countries is not relevant to this form.

Q18: Can I authorize someone else to complete and submit the R43 form on my behalf?

A: Yes, you can authorize a tax professional or a family member to complete and submit the form on your behalf.

Q19: What documentation do I need to support the claims made on the R43 form? A: You may need to provide documentation such as P60s, payslips, or bank statements showing UK income and tax paid.

Q20: If my circumstances change after submitting the R43 form, do I need to notify HMRC?

A: Yes, if there's a significant change in your circumstances, such as becoming a UK resident, you should inform HMRC.

Q21: Who needs to complete the R43 form?

A: The R43 form is intended for individuals who are not residents in the UK but have UK income sources, such as employment income, private pensions, or rental income from UK properties. This includes people who have left the UK or are living abroad for various reasons, including work or retirement​​.

Q22: What types of income can be declared on the R43 form?

A: The form covers various types of UK income, including dividends from UK companies, income from trusts or settlements, interest from UK savings and investments, rental income from UK property, and pensions. It's essential to declare all relevant UK income types accurately.

Q23: Can I claim tax refunds for previous years using the R43 form? A: Yes, you can claim tax refunds and personal allowances for the current tax year and the last four tax years using the R43 form.

Q24: How do I submit the R43 form?

A: The R43 form should be downloaded, filled out, and then posted to the relevant tax authority. Ensure all sections are accurately completed and the form is signed before submission.

Q25: Are there any special rules for joint income or property?

A: Yes, for jointly held investments or property, the income should be reported based on the ownership proportion or actual income distribution. Rental business activities from multiple properties are treated as a single business​​.


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