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Form R86 to Get a Joint Annuity Without Income Tax Taken Off

Updated: Jan 20


HMRC Form R86, a pivotal document within the UK tax system, plays a crucial role for taxpayers, particularly in the context of inheritance and estate planning. The form is specifically designed for use by individuals who are beneficiaries of a deceased person's estate. Its primary purpose is to inform HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) about the receipt of interest from the estate without tax deductions. This form becomes particularly relevant in scenarios where an estate is still under administration, and the beneficiaries are due to receive interest on their inheritance.


HMRC Form R86 is a UK tax document used by beneficiaries of a deceased's estate to receive interest income without tax deducted at source during the estate's administration period, simplifying their tax affairs.


Form R86


Purpose of Form R86

The primary purpose of HMRC Form R86 is to notify HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) about the beneficiary's choice to receive interest generated from the deceased's estate without the deduction of tax at source. This form is particularly relevant when an estate is in the process of administration, and there is income, typically interest, accruing to it, which is payable to the beneficiaries.


Significance for Beneficiaries

The significance of Form R86 is manifold. It allows beneficiaries to streamline their financial affairs during a challenging period. By submitting this form, beneficiaries can ensure that the interest income they are due to receive from the estate is not subject to the basic rate tax deduction at source. This process simplifies the tax situation for the beneficiaries, as the estates often generate interest income that would otherwise be taxed.


Eligibility for Using Form R86

Eligibility to use Form R86 is a critical aspect that beneficiaries must understand. This form is specifically designed for beneficiaries who are UK residents for tax purposes. It is imperative for individuals to assess their eligibility before proceeding with the form to ensure compliance with the UK's tax laws and regulations.


Form R86 can be used by anyone who is purchasing a joint annuity and wants to ensure that their partner continues to receive an income after their death. It's important to note that not all annuity providers will offer this option, so it's important to check with your provider before completing the form.


Context and Background

Understanding the context and background of Form R86 helps in appreciating its relevance in the UK tax system. The form is part of the broader tax framework, aimed at providing certain reliefs and facilitating ease of financial management during estate administration. Its existence reflects the government's approach to handling the complexities associated with inheritance and estate planning from a tax perspective.


The Importance in Estate Planning

In the realm of estate planning, Form R86 plays a pivotal role. It is an instrument that allows for more efficient handling of the financial aspects of an estate. The form's role becomes increasingly significant in scenarios where large estates are involved, or where the administration period is extended, leading to substantial interest income accruing to the estate.


Benefits of Using Form R86

The use of Form R86 offers several benefits:

  1. Tax Efficiency: It allows beneficiaries to receive interest income without the hassle of dealing with tax deductions and subsequent claims for refunds.

  2. Simplified Financial Management: Beneficiaries can manage their financial affairs more straightforwardly, without the need to engage in complex tax calculations or submissions.

  3. Faster Access to Funds: By avoiding upfront tax deductions, beneficiaries can access the full amount of their entitled interest income more promptly.


In conclusion, HMRC Form R86 is a crucial document for UK taxpayers, particularly those who are beneficiaries of an estate. Understanding its purpose, significance, eligibility criteria, and benefits is essential for navigating the complexities associated with estate administration and inheritance. Proper use of this form can lead to more efficient tax management and a smoother transition during what can be a challenging period for beneficiaries.


When to Use Form R86?

Form R86 is a form that can be used to request a joint annuity without income tax being taken off. It's used by people who are purchasing an annuity and want to ensure that their partner continues to receive an income after their death. By using this form, the annuity payments will be made to the surviving partner without any income tax being deducted. This can increase the amount of income that the surviving partner receives, making it a valuable tool for couples who are planning for their retirement.



Completing and Submitting HMRC Form R86 - A Detailed Guide


Completing HMRC Form R86 requires a thorough understanding of the form’s requirements. Here's a step-by-step guide to ensure accuracy and completeness:

  1. Personal Information: Start by filling in your personal details, including your full name, address, and National Insurance number. This information is crucial for HMRC to identify you as a beneficiary.

  2. Details of the Estate: Provide information about the estate from which you are receiving the interest. This includes the name of the deceased, the date of death, and any reference numbers associated with the estate.

  3. Banking Details: Include details about the bank account where the interest is being accumulated. This helps HMRC track the source of the interest income.

  4. Declaration: The form requires a declaration confirming that the information provided is accurate to the best of your knowledge. It's important to review all the details before signing the declaration.


How to Fill Form R86 - A Step by Step Guide

Form R86, titled "Application to receive a joint annuity without tax taken off," is a document used in the UK for managing the tax affairs of annuities. This guide will provide a detailed walkthrough of how to correctly fill out each section of this form, ensuring compliance and accuracy.


Section 1: About the Form

  • Purpose: This section explains the form's use for Purchased Life Annuities (PLAs) and the conditions under which you can request a joint annuity to be paid without tax. It's applicable when both annuitants are UK residents, have equally contributed to the annuity, and are entitled to a half-share of the payments.

  • Confidentiality Note: This part warns that using this form may lead to some sharing of income and financial details between joint annuitants.


Section 2: Annuity Details

  • First Annuitant:

  • Name of Society/Life Company: Enter the name of the entity paying the annuity.

  • Payer’s Reference: Include the reference number given by the payer.

  • Personal Details: Fill in your name, date of birth, address, annuity number, and National Insurance number.

  • Annuity Amounts: Enter the half annual amount of annuity, less any exempt capital element, and the annual taxable amount of your half-share.


Section 3: Declaration (First Annuitant)

  • Declaration: Confirm that you are a UK resident, unlikely to pay income tax, and agree to inform HMRC if your income increases.

  • Signature: Sign to validate the declaration.


Section 4: Personal Details (First Annuitant)

  • Details: Provide your title, surname, and sign the form with the date.


Section 5: Annuity Details (Second Annuitant)

  • Second Annuitant: Similar to the first annuitant section, fill in the same details for the second annuitant.


Section 6: Declaration (Second Annuitant)

  • Declaration: This mirrors the first annuitant’s declaration. Ensure accuracy in the details and sign the declaration.


Section 7: Personal Details (Second Annuitant)

  • Details: Enter the second annuitant's title, surname, and sign the form with the date.


Section 8: Joint Declaration

  • Declaration: Both annuitants must declare their residency in the UK, equal contribution to the annuity, and understanding of the confidentiality implications.

  • Signatures: Both annuitants must sign and date the form.


Section 9: Notes

  • Tax Information: This section provides information on whether tax needs to be deducted, how to determine if you should pay tax, and what to do if your income or circumstances change.

  • Special Rules for Children: Details the rules applicable to children's savings and investments.


Suggestions for Answers:

  • Personal Details: Enter accurate and current information. Double-check for any typographical errors.

  • Annuity Amounts: Ensure the figures entered are correct and correspond with the annuity statements.

  • Declaration Statements: Read carefully and ensure the statements apply to your situation before signing.



Filling out Form R86 requires careful attention to detail and an understanding of your tax situation. It's vital to provide accurate information and to be aware of the implications of the declarations you make. Once completed, submit the form to the relevant society or company paying the annuity. Remember, this form is essential for managing the tax aspect of joint annuities and ensuring compliance with HMRC requirements.


Submitting Form R86 to HMRC

Once completed, Form R86 must be submitted to HMRC. The submission can be done via post. Ensure you keep a copy of the completed form for your records. Timely submission is important to avoid any delays in receiving interest income without tax deductions.


Understanding the Role of Executors and Administrators

In many cases, the executors or administrators of the estate assist in the process of completing and submitting Form R86. They play a vital role in ensuring that all beneficiaries are aware of the form and its implications. Executors and administrators should:

  1. Inform Beneficiaries: Make sure all eligible beneficiaries are aware of Form R86 and its benefits.

  2. Assist in Completion: Help beneficiaries in filling out the form accurately.

  3. Ensure Timely Submission: Oversee the submission of the form to HMRC to avoid any potential delays.


Common Mistakes to Avoid

When dealing with Form R86, it's crucial to avoid common mistakes that could lead to complications or delays. These include:

  1. Incomplete Information: Ensure all required fields are filled in accurately.

  2. Incorrect Details: Double-check personal and estate details for any errors.

  3. Late Submission: Submit the form as soon as possible to prevent any delay in the processing.


The Importance of Accuracy

Accuracy in completing Form R86 cannot be overstated. Any errors or omissions can lead to misunderstandings with HMRC, potentially resulting in delays or the necessity to resubmit the form.


After Submission: What to Expect

Once Form R86 is submitted, HMRC will process the information. Beneficiaries can expect to receive interest income from the estate without tax deduction. However, it's important to note that this does not exempt the interest from tax. Beneficiaries must declare this income in their annual tax returns and pay any tax due.


The process of completing and submitting HMRC Form R86 is a critical step for beneficiaries of an estate in the UK. Understanding the details required, the role of executors, and the common pitfalls to avoid ensures that the process is as smooth as possible. In the final part, we will explore the broader impact of Form R86 on the UK tax system and its implications for taxpayers.



The Broader Impact of HMRC Form R86 on UK Taxpayers


Tax Implications for Beneficiaries

One of the most significant impacts of HMRC Form R86 on beneficiaries is the way it affects their tax obligations. By enabling beneficiaries to receive interest income without the deduction of tax at source, it simplifies their tax affairs. However, beneficiaries must remember that this income is not tax-exempt. It must be declared on their annual self-assessment tax return, and any tax due should be paid accordingly.


Strategic Importance in Estate Planning

Form R86 plays a strategic role in estate planning. It provides a mechanism for beneficiaries to manage their financial affairs more efficiently during the estate administration period. Estate planners and advisors often recommend the use of Form R86 as part of a broader strategy to optimize tax efficiency for beneficiaries.


Understanding Compliance and Obligations

It's crucial for beneficiaries and executors to understand the compliance aspects of Form R86. The form must be completed accurately and submitted in a timely manner to avoid any complications with HMRC. Failure to comply with these requirements can lead to unnecessary delays or additional tax liabilities.


Changes and Updates in the Tax System

The UK tax system, including regulations around inheritance and estates, is subject to change. Beneficiaries and executors should stay informed about any updates or modifications to the tax laws that might affect the use or processing of Form R86. Keeping abreast of these changes ensures compliance and maximizes the benefits of the form.


Role of HMRC in Providing Guidance

HMRC provides guidance and assistance regarding the use of Form R86. Beneficiaries and executors can access resources and support from HMRC to understand the form's requirements and implications better. This support is crucial, especially for those who are navigating the estate administration process for the first time.


Digital Transformation and Future Prospects

With the ongoing digital transformation in the UK tax system, the process of submitting and processing Form R86 may evolve. Beneficiaries and executors should be aware of any digital initiatives by HMRC that could streamline or alter the way Form R86 is handled in the future.


In conclusion, HMRC Form R86 is a vital document for UK taxpayers, especially for those involved in receiving inheritances. It has significant implications for tax planning and compliance. Understanding its role in the broader tax system, staying informed about changes and seeking guidance from HMRC are key to effectively utilizing Form R86. As the UK tax system continues to evolve, beneficiaries and executors should remain adaptable and informed to navigate these changes successfully.



Why Should You Get Professional Help for Inheritance Tax

Inheritance tax (IHT) in the UK can be a complex and daunting aspect of estate planning. Navigating the intricacies of IHT requires not just an understanding of the current laws but also an insight into how they apply to your specific situation. This is where professional help becomes invaluable.


Complexity of Inheritance Tax Laws

The UK's inheritance tax laws are intricate. They involve various thresholds, reliefs, and exemptions, each with their own set of rules and regulations. For instance, the standard IHT rate is 40% on assets above the £325,000 threshold, but this can change with factors like charitable donations or if a property is passed to a direct descendant. Professionals stay abreast of these laws, ensuring that any advice or planning is based on the most current legal framework.


Navigating Reliefs and Exemptions

There are several reliefs and exemptions available that can significantly reduce IHT liability. These include Spouse or Civil Partner Exemption, Business Relief, Agricultural Relief, and Taper Relief, among others. A professional can help identify which of these are applicable to your estate, ensuring that you take full advantage of them.


Valuation of the Estate

Valuing an estate for IHT purposes is not always straightforward, especially when it involves assets like property, stocks, or business interests. Professionals can provide accurate valuations, reducing the risk of disputes with HMRC and potential penalties for underestimation.


Mitigating IHT Through Planning

Effective IHT planning can help mitigate the amount of tax payable. Strategies like gifting assets, setting up trusts, or investing in IHT-efficient assets can be complex but potentially beneficial. Professionals can devise tailored strategies that align with your financial goals and family circumstances.


Keeping Up with Changes

Tax laws are subject to change, and keeping up with these changes can be challenging. Professionals are not only well-versed in current laws but also stay updated with any reforms, ensuring that your estate planning strategies remain effective and compliant.


Dealing with International Elements

For estates that have an international element, such as assets abroad or beneficiaries living overseas, IHT becomes even more complex. Professionals with expertise in international tax law can provide crucial guidance in such cases.


Reducing the Burden on Beneficiaries

Navigating the IHT process can be burdensome for beneficiaries, especially during a period of bereavement. A professional can handle the necessary legal and tax processes, alleviating the administrative burden on the family.


Dispute Resolution and Negotiation

In cases where disputes arise, whether with HMRC or among beneficiaries, a professional can offer mediation and negotiation skills. This can help resolve issues more efficiently and amicably than if handled personally.


Estate Administration Expertise

Professional advisors often offer a broader range of estate administration services. This includes applying for probate, dealing with the deceased’s debts, and distributing the assets. Their expertise ensures that the process is handled legally and efficiently.


Personalized Advice

Each estate is unique, and a 'one size fits all' approach doesn't work with IHT planning. Professionals provide personalized advice, taking into account individual circumstances and preferences, which is crucial for effective estate planning.


Peace of Mind

Perhaps the most significant benefit of seeking professional help is the peace of mind it brings. Knowing that your estate is being managed by experts who understand the legal complexities provides reassurance and confidence that your legacy is protected.


In conclusion, dealing with inheritance tax in the UK requires a comprehensive understanding of the law, careful planning, and strategic decision-making. Professional advisors not only offer expertise in these areas but also provide personalized advice and peace of mind. Their guidance ensures that your estate is managed efficiently, your tax liabilities are minimized, and your beneficiaries are well taken care of. In the realm of inheritance tax, the value of professional help cannot be overstated.



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