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What is Form R185?

Updated: 5 days ago

In the UK, the HMRC Tax Refund Form R185 (also known as Statement of income from trust) plays a vital role for individuals receiving income from trusts or estates. This form provides a clear breakdown of the income received, the tax deducted, and the tax already paid. Understanding the nuances of Form R185 is crucial for UK taxpayers, particularly beneficiaries of trusts or executors of estates, to ensure proper tax reporting and compliance. This article, the first of a three-part series, aims to elucidate the purpose, necessity, and implications of Form R185 for UK taxpayers.

The Statement of Income from Trust (Form R185) provides details of the income received by the beneficiary from the trust during a tax year. The form is issued to the beneficiary by the trustees after the end of the tax year, which runs from 6th April to 5th April of the following year.

What is Form R185 Used For

Purpose of Form R185

Form R185 is issued by trustees or executors of estates to individuals receiving income from a trust or an estate. The primary purpose of this form is to report income and provide details regarding the tax that has been deducted at the source and the tax paid by the trust or estate on behalf of the individual. It is a crucial document that aids beneficiaries in understanding their tax position and accurately reporting their income on their tax returns.

Who Needs to Complete Form R185?

Form R185 is typically required to be completed and submitted by individuals who receive income from trusts or estates. This includes beneficiaries of a trust or executors of an estate. It's important for these individuals to report the income accurately to HMRC to avoid any tax-related complications.

Reporting Trust and Estate Income

When it comes to reporting income from trusts and estates, there are several key aspects to consider:

  • Trust Income: If a beneficiary receives income from a trust, trustees are required to issue Form R185. This form shows the gross income received, any tax deducted at the source, and other relevant information.

  • Estate Income: Executors of an estate should complete Form R185 and issue it to beneficiaries receiving income such as rental income from property or interest on investments.

  • Non-Resident Income: UK residents receiving income from a non-UK source, like a foreign trust or estate, should also receive Form R185 from the payer.

Importance of Accurate Completion and Submission

It's crucial to accurately complete Form R185 to avoid penalties and potential inquiries from HMRC. Incorrect or incomplete information can lead to complications and penalties. The form can be submitted electronically through HMRC's online Self Assessment system, which facilitates a faster and more efficient processing.

Do You Pay Tax On Income From a Trust in the UK?

Yes, income received from a trust in the UK is subject to income tax. The trustee of the trust is responsible for paying any tax due on the income received by the trust, and the beneficiary is then responsible for paying any tax due on the income they receive from the trust.

The amount of tax that is payable on income from a trust depends on the individual circumstances of the beneficiary, including their personal income tax rate and any allowances or tax credits that they are eligible for.

It is important for beneficiaries to ensure that they include any income received from a trust on their tax return, and to pay any tax due on that income. Failure to do so could result in penalties or fines from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC).

It is also worth noting that the tax rules surrounding trusts can be complex, and it may be beneficial to seek advice from a professional tax advisor or accountant to ensure that the correct amount of tax is paid on any income received from a trust.

What is Mentioned in the Form R185?

Here's what you can expect to find on a Statement of Income from Trust (Form R185):

  • Personal details: The name and address of the beneficiary, as well as their National Insurance number.

  • Trust details: The name and address of the trust, as well as the date the trust was created.

  • Income details: The total amount of income received by the beneficiary from the trust during the tax year. This includes any interest, dividends, or other investment income.

  • Tax paid: The amount of tax that has been paid on the income received by the beneficiary. This may include the tax that has been deducted at source, or tax that the beneficiary is liable to pay themselves.

  • Tax credit: If the beneficiary is entitled to a tax credit, this will be shown on the form.

Key Sections of Form R185

Form R185 consists of several sections that capture essential information:

  1. Part 1: Identifies the trust or estate, including its name, address, and tax reference number.

  2. Part 2: Collects the personal details of the individual receiving the income, such as name, address, and National Insurance number.

  3. Part 3: Details the breakdown of the income received, including the type of income (e.g., dividends, interest) and the amount.

  4. Part 4: Outlines the tax deducted at the source by the trust or estate and any tax paid on behalf of the individual.

  5. Part 5: Provides space for any additional notes or explanations related to the income.

A Detailed Step by Step Guide on How to Fill Form R185

Form R185 (Trust Income) is a document used by trustees to inform beneficiaries about their income payments or entitlements from a trust. It plays a crucial role in the UK tax system, allowing beneficiaries to understand and report their income for tax purposes accurately. This guide, divided into two parts, will provide a detailed walkthrough on how to complete Form R185.

Section 1: Beneficiary and Trust Details

  1. Beneficiary's Full Name: Enter the full legal name of the beneficiary receiving the income from the trust.

  2. Trust Details: Include the full name of the trust, its address, Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR), and the trust agent's or solicitor's reference. This information identifies the trust and links it to the income reported.

Section 2: Income and Tax Details

  • Box 1 (Net Payments from Non-Settlor-Interested UK Resident Trusts): Enter the actual amount paid to the beneficiary after tax deduction. Include the tax credit at the trust rate in the box below.

  • Box 2 (Total Payments from Settlor-Interested Trusts): For payments to beneficiaries other than the settlor, enter the actual amount paid. Do not gross it up and do not include payments to the settlor.

Section 3: Breakdown of Income Types

  • Box 3 (Net Amount of Non-Savings Income Taxed at Basic Rate): Enter the net amount after tax for non-savings income like rental income. Exclude interest or dividend income here.

  • Box 4 (Net Amount of Savings Income Taxed at Basic Rate): Report the net savings income, such as bank or building society interest, after tax deduction.

  • Box 5 (Net Amount of Income Taxed at Dividend Rate): Input the net dividend income amount after tax deduction.

  • Box 6 (Untaxed Income): On a separate sheet, specify the type of untaxed income and enter the amount.

  • Box 7 (Foreign Income): For foreign income, include the gross amount before deducting any UK, foreign, or special withholding tax.

  • Box 8 (Stock or Scrip Dividends): Enter the dividend paid and the notional tax on box 8 income.

Section 4: Residential Property Income and Settlement Benefit Charge

  • Box 25 (Residential Property Income): Include the amount of residential property income or restricted finance costs for calculating relief for residential finance costs.

  • Box 25.1 (Unused Residential Finance Costs): Enter any unused residential finance costs brought forward from previous years.

  • Box 42 (Settlement Benefit Charge): If applicable, enter the value of the payment benefit received by a close family member of the settlor of a non-resident trust.

Section 5: Declaration

  • Signature and Date: The trustee must confirm the information's accuracy by signing and dating the form.

Section 6: Tax Deducted and Tax Credit

  • Box 9 (Tax Deducted from Income in Boxes 3, 4, 5, and 6): Enter the total tax deducted from the income types listed in boxes 3, 4, 5, and 6. This represents the tax already paid on the beneficiary's behalf.

  • Box 10 (Tax Credit on Box 1 Income): Specify the tax credit associated with the net payments from non-settlor-interested UK resident trusts, detailed in Box 1.

  • Box 11 (Tax Deducted from Box 7 Income): Indicate the UK, foreign, or special withholding tax deducted from the foreign income reported in Box 7.

  • Box 12 (Tax Deducted from Box 8 Income): For stock or scrip dividends, enter the notional tax already deducted from this income.

Section 7: Additional Information and Explanation

  • Box 13 (Additional Information/Explanation): Provide any necessary explanations or additional information about the entries made in the form. This section is crucial for clarifying any unique circumstances or complex income distributions.

Section 8: Final Checks and Submission

  • Accuracy Check: Before signing, ensure that all information entered in the form is accurate and corresponds to the trust’s records. Inaccuracies can lead to complications for both the trust and the beneficiary.

  • Document Submission: Submit the completed form to the beneficiary. If submitting electronically, ensure that all necessary digital steps are followed according to HMRC's guidelines.

Section 9: Beneficiary's Responsibilities

  • Using Form R185 for Tax Returns: The beneficiary should use the information provided in Form R185 to accurately report trust income on their tax return. This includes entering the grossed-up income and tax credit figures in the appropriate sections.

  • Seeking Assistance: If the beneficiary or trustee finds the process complex, they should consider seeking assistance from a tax professional. Accurate reporting is essential to avoid potential tax liabilities or penalties.

Filling out Form R185 requires careful consideration of various types of income and tax deductions. Trustees must provide clear, accurate, and comprehensive information to beneficiaries to ensure proper tax reporting. By following this step-by-step guide, trustees can effectively navigate the complexities of Form R185.

When Should a Form R185 Be Completed in the UK?

In the UK, Form R185 should be completed and issued to a recipient when they receive income from a trust, estate, or another source that is subject to income tax. The form is used to provide the recipient with details of the income they have received and the amount of tax that has been deducted at the source.

Here are some specific situations where a Form R185 should be completed and issued:

  1. Trust Income: If a beneficiary receives income from a trust, the trustees are required to complete Form R185 and issue it to the beneficiary. This will show the gross income received, any tax deducted at source, and any other information that may be relevant.

  2. Estate Income: If a beneficiary receives income from an estate, such as rental income from property or interest on investments, the executor of the estate should complete Form R185 and issue it to the beneficiary.

  3. Non-Resident Income: If a UK resident receives income from a non-UK source, such as a foreign trust or estate, the payer is required to complete Form R185 and issue it to the recipient.

In general, Form R185 should be issued to the recipient as soon as possible after the end of the tax year in which the income was received. This will ensure that the recipient has the information they need to complete their tax return and pay any additional tax that may be due.

What Should You, If You Have Obtained Trust Profits?

If you are the beneficiary of a trust, the trustees may pay money to you from the belief (occasionally called a ‘distribution’). The way this cash is then taxed on you depends on the form of agreement and the nature of the fee – especially, whether or not the payment you get hold of is an earnings distribution or a capital distribution. In this article, we study the tax rule in which an earnings distribution is made to you.

If the acceptance as true within the question is a naked belief, then any earnings bobbing up within the trust is taxable on you as though you owned the trust belongings for my part. In this situation, the trustees have to allow you to recognize what profits wish to be declared on your own tax go back.

For instance, if you are the beneficiary of a bare accept as true with that owns condo assets, the trustees would want to allow you to have full details of the earnings and charges of the apartment belongings so that you are able to complete the belongings pages of your own tax go back.

If your paid amount is from a discretionary consideration, then the trustees can pay tax at the extra fee on the income earlier than it is paid to you. The trustees should offer you a form R185 (accepted as true with income) showing the amount of the distribution, on the way to be dealt with as having had tax deducted from it at a charge of 45% (2022/23) earlier than it's miles paid to you.

Regardless of the type of profits definitely obtained by using the accept as true with, you're handled as receiving one type of earnings – believe earnings. If you entire a tax return each yr, you want to consist of the earnings at the Trusts and so on pages. For greater records, see under.

If you pay tax at a lower price than the tax deducted from your agreed income, you may be able to get a tax refund. You can study a way to declare your tax refund in our tax basics segment.

Interest In Ownership Trust Income

If the income you have obtained is from an interest in possession trust, then the trustees could have paid tax on the earnings before it's miles paid to you. However, interest in possession trusts is taxed at the basic fee. The trustees will offer you with a form R185 (believe profits) and the distribution can be proven in the segment titled ‘non-discretionary profits entitlement from a believe’.

The accept as true with income may have been taxed at a variety of tax quotes, depending on the form of profits acquired by way of the accept as true with. This means you want to position the different kinds of income into separate packing containers at the Trust pages of your tax go-back, following the commands at the R185 shape.

It also manner that you'll be able to claim a tax refund when you have not used your private financial savings or dividend allowance, for instance. This is because any savings and dividend profits you acquire from the trust may have had tax paid on it with the aid of the accept as true with, however to your fingers, no tax might be due on it. You can examine how to claim a tax refund in our tax basics section.

Be conscious, although, that the maximum rate of tax deducted from this type of income is UK primary price (20%). This may mean that you have to pay extra tax on the income in case you are a better-charged taxpayer or above.

Practical Examples and Implications

Continuing our exploration of HMRC Tax Refund Form R185, this part focuses on practical examples and key implications for UK taxpayers. The objective is to provide a more comprehensive understanding of how the form functions in real-world scenarios.

Example: Interest in Possession (IIP) Trust

Consider the case of Auron, who received £10,000 as non-savings income and £2,500 as savings income from a life interest in a trust. Auron also had an employment income of £25,000 and received £200 in interest from a building society account. His total tax liability for the year amounted to £4,826. However, since he had already paid £7,500 through PAYE and £2,500 as tax by the trustees (as shown on R185), he was eligible for a tax repayment of £5,174 from HMRC. This example illustrates the role of Form R185 in helping beneficiaries calculate their correct tax position and claim any due repayments.

Submitting and Amending Form R185

Form R185 can be submitted electronically through the HMRC Self Assessment system. This process is both convenient and efficient. However, if there are errors in the submitted form, it is crucial to contact HMRC promptly for rectifications. The form’s accuracy is vital as incorrect or incomplete information can lead to penalties and inquiries from HMRC.

Reporting Income from Trusts and Estates

When reporting income from trusts and estates, Form R185 is indispensable. For instance:

  1. Trust Income: Beneficiaries receiving income from a trust must receive Form R185 from trustees, detailing gross income, tax deducted, and other relevant information.

  2. Estate Income: Beneficiaries of an estate, such as from rental income or investment interests, should receive Form R185 from the estate's executor.

  3. Non-Resident Income: UK residents earning income from non-UK sources, like foreign trusts, are also required to receive Form R185 from the payer.

Tax Implications for Different Trust Types

  • Discretionary Trusts: In such trusts, tax is deducted at the source before distribution to beneficiaries. The R185 form will show the distribution amount with tax deducted at 45% (for 2022/23), and beneficiaries can claim a tax refund if their tax rate is lower.

  • Interest in Possession Trusts: These trusts are taxed at the basic rate, and beneficiaries receive Form R185 detailing the income distribution. Beneficiaries may claim a tax refund if they have unused personal savings or dividend allowances, as these types of income might have already been taxed in the trust.

Filing Tax Returns with Trust or Estate Income

Beneficiaries must include trust or estate income on their tax returns. If filing a paper tax return, it should be submitted by 31 October following the tax year’s end. For electronic submissions, the deadline extends to 31 January. However, HMRC’s online system doesn’t support filing trust and estate income, so third-party software that supports trust pages is necessary.

I Actually Have Obtained Income from The Estate of a Deceased Individual. What Do I Want to Do?

Your earnings from the property will be taxed in the same way because the accept as true with income from an interest in ownership accept as true, as defined above.

The administrators of the estate must provide you with form R185 (estate income). If you have not acquired a shape R185 but have received a price from a property, test with the executors or non-public representatives administering the property whether any of the fees are income and, if the answer is sure, whilst you may be receiving the R185.

If you entire a tax return, you will need to place the figures from shape R185 on the Trusts and so forth pages of the tax go back (see underneath). There are likewise extra records at the R185. If you no longer normally pay tax, or if the income from the estate could be protected by using your financial savings or dividend allowance, then you'll be capable of declaring money back. You can examine the way to claim a tax refund in our tax fundamentals section.

As referred to inside the statistics above, you need to place accept as true with earnings (aside from bare accept as true with income) and estate profits on the Trusts and so on pages of the tax go back. You will need to do that with the use of the facts proven on bureaucracy R185 (believe earnings) and/or R185 (estate earnings).

You can use the Trusts and many others pages if you fill in a paper tax return. This generally needs to be submitted by 31 October after the quit of the tax 12 months to which it relates. This method is 31 October 2024 for the tax year finishing 5 April 2024.

If you fill in your tax returns electronically, you have a longer submitting date. This is 31 January 2025 for the tax year finishing five April 2024. However, you cannot use HMRC’s very own online submitting system to send them a tax return consisting of agree with and property profits which could go on the Trusts, etc pages of the paper go back. You can record electronically, but you have to use a third-celebration software program and ensure the version you use supports submitting the belief pages.

The Statement of Income from Trust form R185 is an important document used in the UK to provide details of income received from a trust to beneficiaries. The form provides information about the income received, any tax paid on that income, and any tax credits that are available to the beneficiary. The form is used by the beneficiary to complete their tax return and to ensure that they pay the correct amount of tax on the income they have received. The trustee of the trust is responsible for completing the form and providing it to the beneficiary within six months of the end of the tax year in which the income was received.

Comprehensive Overview of 2024 Updates to Form R185

Form R185 is an essential document utilized in the UK for reporting income distributions from trusts and estates to beneficiaries. The form ensures that beneficiaries have the necessary information for tax reporting purposes. Significant updates have been made to Form R185 in the 2024 tax year to adapt to legislative changes and improve the clarity and accuracy of financial reporting.

Key Updates for 2024

Revision of the Dividend Allowance

One of the crucial updates in 2024 is the adjustment of the dividend allowance on Form R185. For the tax year starting from April 2023, the dividend allowance was increased to £1,000. This means the first £1,000 of dividend income reported on the Form R185 is tax-free, which can affect the tax liability of beneficiaries receiving dividend distributions from trusts.

Introduction of Tax Exemptions for Small Trusts

Significant changes have been introduced for trusts and estates with relatively low income. As of 6 April 2024, trusts and estates generating income up to £500 are exempt from paying income tax on that income. This policy aims to reduce the administrative burden on small trusts and make the tax system simpler for smaller entities.

Changes in Tax Rates for Discretionary Trust Income

For discretionary trusts, there has been a removal of the default basic rate and dividend ordinary rates of tax that previously applied to the first £1,000 of income. From April 2024, all income, including the first £1,000 from these trusts, will be taxable at the new rates of 39.35% for dividend income and 45% for other types of income.

Accessibility and Language Options

Efforts have been made to improve the accessibility of Form R185. The form is now available in Welsh, addressing the language needs of Welsh speakers and ensuring that more beneficiaries can comfortably access and understand their tax obligations.

Enhanced Clarity and Compliance

Updates to Form R185 also include revisions in the form's layout and the information required in various boxes to reflect the current tax legislation accurately. These changes are designed to enhance clarity for both trustees and beneficiaries, ensuring that all parties clearly understand their tax reporting obligations.

Implications for Trustees and Beneficiaries

These updates necessitate that trustees and personal representatives of estates stay current with the changes to ensure compliance. Beneficiaries must also be aware of how these changes affect their tax situations, particularly regarding any potential changes in their tax liabilities.

The 2024 updates to Form R185 represent a significant shift towards simplifying the administrative processes for trusts and estates and adjusting tax liabilities in accordance with updated fiscal policies. Trustees, estate administrators, and beneficiaries should review these changes thoroughly to ensure accurate reporting and compliance with HMRC requirements.

How a Tax Accountant Can Help You with Form R185

How a Tax Accountant Can Help You with Form R185

When dealing with the complexities of tax forms such as the HMRC Form R185, seeking assistance from a professional tax accountant can be invaluable. This article will explore the various ways in which a tax accountant can assist individuals and trustees in dealing with Form R185, ensuring accurate reporting and compliance with tax regulations.

Understanding the Form and Its Importance

  1. Expertise in Tax Regulations: Tax accountants possess in-depth knowledge of the UK's tax laws and regulations. They can explain the purpose of Form R185, its relevance in tax reporting for trust income, and how it impacts your overall tax situation.

  2. Navigating Complex Trust Structures: Trusts can have complex structures and varied income types. A tax accountant can help identify the specific details of the trust and the income it generates, ensuring these are correctly reported on Form R185.

Accurate and Efficient Completion of Form R185

  1. Filling Out the Form Correctly: With their expertise, tax accountants can accurately fill out each section of Form R185. They ensure that all relevant details, such as the trust's name, address, and tax reference number, are correctly entered.

  2. Determining Income Types: Form R185 requires a breakdown of different income types like savings, dividends, or property income. Tax accountants can correctly categorize and report each income type, ensuring that beneficiaries report the correct income on their tax returns.

  3. Calculating Taxes and Deductions: A key aspect of Form R185 is detailing taxes paid and deductions. Tax accountants can accurately calculate and report the taxes deducted at source by the trust and any tax paid on behalf of the beneficiary.


Advising on Tax Liabilities and Rebates

  1. Understanding Tax Implications: Tax accountants can advise beneficiaries on the tax implications of the income received from trusts. They can explain how this income affects their overall tax liability and eligibility for any tax rebates or deductions.

  2. Guidance on Tax Refunds: In cases where the tax paid on trust income is higher than the beneficiary's tax rate, a tax accountant can guide beneficiaries through the process of claiming a tax refund from HMRC.

Dealing with Complex Situations

  1. Handling Non-Resident Trust Income: For beneficiaries receiving income from non-UK trusts, tax accountants can provide specialized advice on reporting this income and understanding the associated tax obligations in the UK.

  2. Advice on Amendments and Corrections: If there are errors in the submitted Form R185, a tax accountant can assist in contacting HMRC and making the necessary amendments to avoid penalties.

Providing Comprehensive Tax Planning

  1. Strategic Tax Planning: Beyond just filling out Form R185, tax accountants can offer strategic advice on tax planning, helping beneficiaries and trustees to optimize their tax positions while remaining compliant with tax laws.

  2. Future Tax Implications: They can also provide insights into the future tax implications of trust income, helping beneficiaries plan their finances more effectively.

Ensuring Compliance and Avoiding Penalties

  1. Avoiding Penalties: Accurate completion of Form R185 is crucial to avoid penalties for incorrect or incomplete information. Tax accountants ensure that all data is accurate and the form is fully compliant with HMRC requirements.

  2. Staying Updated with Tax Laws: Tax laws and regulations can change frequently. A tax accountant stays updated with these changes, ensuring that beneficiaries' tax reporting remains current and compliant.

A tax accountant plays a pivotal role in navigating the complexities of Form R185. From ensuring accurate completion to providing strategic tax advice, their expertise is invaluable in managing trust income and its implications on personal taxation. By engaging a tax accountant, beneficiaries and trustees can ensure that they remain compliant with tax laws, optimize their tax positions, and make informed decisions about their finances.


Q: What is the deadline for trustees to issue Form R185 to beneficiaries?

A: There's no specific legal deadline, but it's generally advisable for trustees to issue Form R185 soon after the end of the tax year or after any distribution, to aid beneficiaries in timely tax reporting.

Q: Can Form R185 be used for reporting income from multiple trusts?

A: No, each Form R185 is specific to one trust. If a beneficiary receives income from multiple trusts, they will receive a separate Form R185 for each trust.

Q: How does a beneficiary report income from a trust if they haven't received Form R185?

A: If a beneficiary hasn't received Form R185, they should contact the trustees for the necessary information or consult a tax professional for guidance on how to proceed.

Q: Are there any specific rules for reporting income from a non-resident trust on Form R185?

A: Income from non-resident trusts might have different tax implications. Beneficiaries should consult with a tax professional for specific guidance on reporting such income.

Q: What happens if a trustee fails to issue Form R185 to a beneficiary?

A: If a trustee fails to provide Form R185, it may lead to difficulties for the beneficiary in accurately reporting their income and could result in incorrect tax calculations.

Q: Can beneficiaries use Form R185 for provisional tax planning before receiving actual income distributions?

A: Form R185 is typically used for actual income distributions. For provisional tax planning, beneficiaries should consult a tax advisor for estimates.

Q: Is there a difference in reporting income on Form R185 for revocable and irrevocable trusts?

A: The form itself does not differentiate between revocable and irrevocable trusts, but the nature of the trust can affect tax implications, which should be considered while filling out the form.

Q: How do beneficiaries report income from a trust on their tax returns without Form R185?

A: Beneficiaries should seek information from the trustees or use estimates based on previous years’ distributions and consult a tax advisor for accurate reporting.

Q: What are the implications of incorrectly reporting trust income on Form R185? A: Incorrect reporting can lead to incorrect tax assessments, potential penalties, or additional tax liabilities for the beneficiary.

Q: Can Form R185 be amended retrospectively for previous tax years?

A: Yes, if errors are discovered, trustees can issue amended R185 forms for previous tax years.

Q: How does Form R185 interact with other tax forms like P60 or Self Assessment tax returns?

A: Information from Form R185 is used to complete the Self Assessment tax return, particularly the section related to trust income. It does not directly interact with a P60 form.

Q: What information do trustees need to gather before completing Form R185? A: Trustees need detailed records of the trust’s income, tax paid, and distributions made to each beneficiary.

Q: How do beneficiaries verify the accuracy of information provided on Form R185? A: Beneficiaries should cross-reference the information with their own records or distributions received and consult with trustees for any discrepancies.

Q: Are there any digital tools or software recommended for completing Form R185? A: There are various accounting software and tools that can aid in trust management and form completion, but specific recommendations would depend on individual needs.

Q: How does Form R185 accommodate changes in trust income during the tax year? A: Form R185 should reflect the actual distributions and income for the tax year. If changes occur, the form should be updated accordingly.

Q: Can a tax accountant represent a beneficiary in discussions with HMRC about Form R185?

A: Yes, a tax accountant can act as a representative in communications with HMRC regarding issues related to Form R185.

Q: Are there any special considerations for reporting trust income on Form R185 for high-income individuals?

A: High-income individuals might face different tax rates or additional charges. It's advisable to consult a tax professional for tailored advice.

Q: What should beneficiaries do if they suspect errors in the trust income reported on Form R185?

A: Beneficiaries should contact the trustees to discuss and rectify any suspected errors. If unresolved, seeking professional advice is recommended.

Q: How do changes in trust beneficiaries affect the completion of Form R185? A: Changes in beneficiaries should be reflected in the form, as it impacts the distribution of income and subsequent tax reporting for each beneficiary.


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