top of page
  • Writer's picturePTA

Understanding the PP11 Form and Climate Change Levy

Updated: Jan 31

The Climate Change Levy (CCL) is an environmental tax imposed on energy supplies in the United Kingdom, with the aim of encouraging businesses to reduce their energy consumption and promote energy efficiency. However, certain energy-intensive industries and organizations that use energy for specific purposes may be eligible for relief from the main rates of CCL. To claim this relief, businesses need to complete a PP11 form, which is submitted to their energy supplier. This article aims to provide an overview of the PP11 form, its eligibility criteria, and the process for claiming relief against the main rates of CCL in the UK.


Form PP11 is essential for UK businesses seeking relief from the Climate Change Levy (CCL). It allows businesses to claim reduced rates on energy consumption if they meet certain criteria. Understanding and completing this form accurately is crucial for eligibility and compliance.


Understanding the PP11 Form and Climate Change Levy


Understanding CCL Discount in the UK and Its Beneficiaries


Introduction

The Climate Change Levy (CCL) is an environmental tax imposed on energy supplies in the United Kingdom to encourage businesses to use energy more efficiently and reduce their carbon emissions. However, certain energy-intensive industries and organizations may be eligible for CCL discounts to alleviate some of the financial burdens. This article aims to provide an overview of the CCL discount in the UK, its purpose, and the organizations that can benefit from it.


What is the Purpose of the Climate Change Levy?

The primary purpose of the Climate Change Levy (CCL) in the UK is to encourage businesses and non-domestic consumers to use energy more efficiently, reduce their energy consumption, and lower their greenhouse gas emissions. By imposing an environmental tax on energy supplies such as electricity, gas, and solid fuels, the CCL incentivizes organizations to adopt more sustainable practices, invest in energy-saving technologies, and increase the use of renewable energy sources.


The CCL serves several objectives:


Promote Energy Efficiency: The financial cost associated with the CCL encourages businesses to seek ways to reduce their energy consumption and implement energy-efficient practices and technologies.

Support Climate Goals: By encouraging energy efficiency and lower energy consumption, the CCL helps the UK meet its national and international climate targets, such as the carbon reduction goals set under the Paris Agreement and the UK's commitment to achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

Drive Sustainable Practices: The CCL promotes the adoption of sustainable practices in industries and organizations, leading to a more environmentally conscious approach to energy consumption and management.

Encourage Renewable Energy Use: By making non-renewable energy sources more expensive through taxation, the CCL indirectly incentivizes businesses to opt for renewable energy sources, thereby contributing to the UK's renewable energy targets.

Generate Revenue For Environmental Initiatives: The revenue collected from the CCL is used to support various environmental initiatives and policies aimed at further promoting energy efficiency, renewable energy adoption, and climate change mitigation.


What is the CCL Discount?

The CCL discount is a reduction in the Climate Change Levy that certain businesses and organizations in the UK may be eligible for. The discount is designed to provide financial incentives for energy-intensive industries to improve their energy efficiency and reduce their carbon emissions. By participating in voluntary agreements called Climate Change Agreements (CCAs), these organizations can receive CCL discounts of up to 90% on electricity and up to 65% on other fuels.


Who is the CCL Discount for?

The CCL discount is primarily aimed at businesses and organizations that belong to energy-intensive industries. These industries typically have higher energy consumption and carbon emissions due to the nature of their operations. Examples of such industries include steel manufacturing, chemical production, and ceramics manufacturing.


Additionally, to be eligible for the CCL discount, the energy supply must be used for specific purposes, such as mineralogical or metallurgical processes.



Climate Change Agreements (CCAs)

The primary mechanism for obtaining a CCL discount is by participating in a Climate Change Agreement (CCA). CCAs are voluntary agreements between the UK government and eligible energy-intensive industries. They set targets for energy efficiency and carbon reduction, encouraging organizations to adopt more sustainable practices.


Organizations that meet the targets set by their CCA can receive significant CCL discounts as a financial incentive. The sector associations, which represent various energy-intensive industries, manage these agreements and ensure that participating organizations comply with the terms and conditions.


Benefits of the CCL Discount

The CCL discount offers several benefits for eligible businesses and organizations, including:


A) Financial Relief: By providing a reduction in the Climate Change Levy, the CCL discount helps to alleviate some of the financial burdens on energy-intensive industries, making it more affordable for them to operate.


B) Encouraging Energy Efficiency: The CCL discount serves as an incentive for businesses to improve their energy efficiency, adopt more sustainable practices, and reduce their carbon emissions.


C) Supporting Competitiveness: By reducing the financial impact of the Climate Change Levy, the CCL discount helps energy-intensive industries in the UK remain competitive in the global market.


D) Contributing to Climate Goals: By promoting energy efficiency and carbon reduction among energy-intensive industries, the CCL discount contributes to the UK's broader climate goals, such as meeting its carbon reduction targets under the Paris Agreement.


What is the Climate Change Levy Used For?

The Climate Change Levy (CCL) in the UK is an environmental tax imposed on energy supplies, such as electricity, gas, and solid fuels, used by businesses and non-domestic consumers. The primary purpose of the CCL is to encourage businesses and organizations to use energy more efficiently, reduce their energy consumption, and lower their greenhouse gas emissions. The revenue generated from the CCL is used to support various environmental initiatives and policies aimed at promoting energy efficiency, increasing the adoption of renewable energy, and combating climate change.


By imposing a financial cost on energy consumption, the CCL incentivizes businesses to adopt more energy-efficient practices and invest in energy-saving technologies. This, in turn, helps the UK meet its national and international climate targets, such as the carbon reduction goals set under the Paris Agreement and the UK's commitment to achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.


What is one exemption from Climate Change Levy?

One exemption from the Climate Change Levy in the UK is energy generated from renewable sources. This means that electricity produced from sources such as solar, wind, hydro, and biomass is exempt from the CCL, as these sources do not contribute to greenhouse gas emissions like fossil fuels do. This exemption aims to encourage the use of renewable energy and support the UK's efforts in reducing its carbon footprint and combating climate change.


The CCL discount in the UK is a financial incentive designed to encourage energy-intensive industries to improve their energy efficiency and reduce their carbon emissions. By participating in Climate Change Agreements, eligible businesses and organizations can receive significant discounts on the Climate Change Levy, helping to alleviate financial burdens while promoting more sustainable practices and contributing to the UK's overall climate goals.



How Do You Qualify For CCL Discount?


Eligibility Criteria for CCL Discounts

To qualify for a CCL discount, an organization must meet specific criteria. These include:


a) The organization must belong to an energy-intensive industry, as defined by the UK government. Examples of such industries include steel manufacturing, chemical production, and ceramics manufacturing.


b) The energy supply must be used for specific purposes, such as mineralogical or metallurgical processes.


c) The organization must be part of a Climate Change Agreement (CCA), a voluntary agreement between the UK government and energy-intensive industries that set targets for energy efficiency and carbon reduction. By meeting these targets, organizations can receive financial incentives, such as CCL discounts.


Understanding Climate Change Agreements (CCAs)

CCAs are voluntary agreements between the UK government and eligible energy-intensive industries. They aim to encourage organizations to improve their energy efficiency and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. In return for meeting the targets set by the CCA, participating organizations can receive CCL discounts of up to 90% on electricity and up to 65% on other fuels.


Joining a CCA

To join a CCA, organizations must follow these steps:


a) Identify the relevant industry sector: CCAs are organized by sector, and each sector has a sector association responsible for managing the agreement. Organizations must first identify their appropriate sector and contact the relevant sector association.


b) Apply to join the CCA: Organizations must complete an application form provided by the sector association and submit it along with the required documentation. The sector association will then review the application and determine whether the organization meets the eligibility criteria.


c) Sign the CCA: If the application is approved, the organization will be required to sign the CCA, agreeing to the terms and conditions of the agreement, which include meeting the energy efficiency and carbon reduction targets.


Meeting CCL Discount Eligibility Requirements

To qualify for the CCL discount, organizations must meet specific eligibility requirements, which include:


a) Demonstrating continuous energy efficiency improvements and carbon reduction in line with the targets set by the CCA.


b) Submit regular progress reports to the sector association, detailing the organization's energy consumption and carbon emissions, as well as any energy efficiency measures implemented.


c) Participating in regular audits conducted by the sector association to ensure compliance with the CCA.


Claiming CCL Discounts

Organizations that meet the eligibility criteria and are part of a CCA can claim CCL discounts by completing a PP11 form, also known as the "Climate Change Levy Relief Claim" form. This form must be submitted to the organization's energy supplier, who then forwards the claim to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). If the claim is approved, the supplier will apply the CCL discount to the organization's energy bill.


Maintaining CCL Discount Eligibility

To continue receiving CCL discounts, organizations must:


a) Maintain compliance with the terms and conditions of their CCA, including meeting the energy efficiency and carbon reduction targets.


b) Keep accurate records of their energy consumption and the energy-intensive processes for which the CCL discount has been granted. These records must be kept for a minimum of six years and must be made available to HMRC upon request.



What is the PP11 Form?

The PP11 form, officially known as the "Climate Change Levy Relief Claim," is a document that businesses and organizations in the UK can use to apply for relief from the main rates of CCL on their energy bills. The form is submitted to the energy supplier, who then forwards the claim to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). If the claim is approved, the supplier will apply the reduced CCL rate to the organization's energy bill.


How to Fill Form PP11 - A Step by Step Process


General Guidelines

  • Ensure accuracy: Provide precise and truthful information.

  • Keep records: Maintain copies of the form and related documents for future reference.

  • Timeliness: Submit the form within the required deadlines to avoid penalties or loss of relief.


Completing the PP11 Form

To apply for CCL relief, businesses and organizations must complete the PP11 form online, providing the following information:


a) Name and contact details of the organization

b) Address of the energy supply point

c) CCA registration number

d) Details of the energy-intensive process for which the energy is being used

e) Evidence of the energy-intensive process, such as a detailed process flow diagram or a technical report.


Section-wise Guide


Business and Contact Details

  • Section 1: Business Identification

  • Q: Name of Business

  • A: Enter the legal name of your business.

  • Q: Business Address

  • A: Provide the full postal address.

  • Section 2: Contact Person

  • Q: Contact Name and Position

  • A: Name and title of the person responsible for CCL matters.


Commodity and Usage Details

  • Section 3: Commodity Selection

  • Q: Type of Fuel

  • A: Select the fuel type for which you are claiming relief (e.g., Natural Gas, Electricity).

  • Section 4: Consumption Details

  • Q: Total Energy Consumed

  • A: Enter the total amount of the selected fuel consumed in the specified period.


Relief Claim Details

  • Section 5: Percentage of Relief

  • Q: Claimable Percentage

  • A: Based on your PP10 form, enter the percentage of consumption eligible for relief.

  • Section 6: Reason for Claim

  • Q: Reason for Relief Application

  • A: Indicate the reason, such as 'New Certificate' or 'Annual Review'.


Supplier Information

  • Section 7: Supplier Details

  • Q: Supplier Name and Address

  • A: Provide the name and address of your energy supplier.


Declaration and Submission

  • Section 8: Declaration

  • Q: Acknowledgement of Information Accuracy

  • A: The responsible person must declare that the information provided is accurate.

  • Section 9: Submission

  • Q: Where to Submit

  • A: Submit the form to your energy supplier.


Common Mistakes to Avoid


  • Incomplete information: Ensure all required fields are filled.

  • Incorrect details: Double-check all entries, especially numerical data.

  • Late submission: Adhere to the deadline to ensure continued relief eligibility.


Filling out Form PP11 requires attention to detail and an understanding of your business's energy consumption and eligibility for CCL relief. By following these step-by-step guidelines, businesses can accurately complete and submit the form, ensuring compliance and maximization of potential relief benefits.


Remember, this guide serves as a general overview. Specific circumstances of your business may require additional attention or clarification from tax professionals or the HMRC directly.


Submission Process

Once the PP11 form is completed, it must be submitted to the organization's energy supplier. The supplier will then forward the claim to HMRC for approval. It is important to note that the CCL relief is only applicable to the energy used for the specific energy-intensive process mentioned in the form. Energy used for other purposes, such as heating or lighting, will still be subject to the main rates of CCL.


Claiming Relief on Future Energy Bills

If the PP11 claim is approved by HMRC, the energy supplier will apply the reduced CCL rate to the organization's future energy bills. The reduced rate will be applied until the end of the CCA target period, which is typically four years. After this period, the organization will need to submit a new PP11 form to claim relief for the next CCA target period.


Record-keeping and Compliance

Organizations claiming CCL relief must maintain accurate records related to their energy consumption and the energy-intensive processes for which the relief has been granted. These records must be kept for a minimum of six years and must be made available to HMRC upon request.


Additionally, organizations must comply with the terms and conditions of their CCA to continue receiving CCL relief. This includes meeting the energy efficiency and carbon reduction targets set by the agreement. Failure to meet these targets may result in the termination of the CCA and the loss


How Long is PP11 Valid For?

In the UK, a PP11 form, or the Climate Change Levy Relief Claim form, is typically valid until the end of the Climate Change Agreement (CCA) target period. Each CCA target period usually lasts for four years. After the conclusion of a target period, an organization will need to submit a new PP11 form to claim relief for the subsequent CCA target period, provided they continue to meet the eligibility criteria and remain compliant with the terms and conditions of their CCA.


Professional Help for Filling Out the PP11 Form


Should We Get Professional Help for Filling Out the PP11 Form?

Filling out a PP11 form to claim relief against the main rates of the Climate Change Levy (CCL) in the UK can be a complex process, as it involves a deep understanding of the regulations and eligibility criteria. In such cases, seeking professional help can be beneficial in ensuring that your organization accurately completes the form and maximizes its chances of obtaining CCL relief. We will discuss the benefits of seeking professional help and how Pro Tax Accountant can assist you in filling out the PP11 form.


Benefits of Seeking Professional Help for Filling Out the PP11 Form

a) Expertise: Professional accountants are well-versed in tax regulations, including CCL relief and the PP11 form requirements. Their expertise can help you accurately complete the form and ensure that your organization meets the eligibility criteria for CCL relief.


b) Time-saving: Filling out the PP11 form can be time-consuming, especially if you are unfamiliar with the process. By enlisting professional help, you can save time and focus on your core business activities.


c) Compliance: Professional accountants can help you maintain compliance with the terms and conditions of your Climate Change Agreement (CCA), ensuring that your organization continues to benefit from CCL relief.


d) Record-keeping: Professional accountants can assist you in maintaining accurate records related to your energy consumption and the energy-intensive processes for which the CCL relief has been granted, which is a mandatory requirement for claiming CCL relief.


How Pro Tax Accountant Can Help You

Pro Tax Accountant, a UK-based accounting company, offers a range of services that can assist you in filling out the PP11 form and claiming CCL relief:


a) Expert Guidance: Pro Tax Accountant can provide expert guidance on the PP11 form completion process, helping you understand the eligibility criteria, required documentation, and submission process.


b) Form Completion: Pro Tax Accountant can assist you in accurately completing the PP11 form, ensuring that all necessary information is provided, and the form is filled out correctly.


c) Compliance Monitoring: Pro Tax Accountant can help you monitor your organization's compliance with the terms and conditions of your CCA, ensuring that you continue to meet the eligibility criteria for CCL relief and avoid any penalties.


d) Record-keeping Assistance: Pro Tax Accountant can support you in maintaining accurate records of your energy consumption and energy-intensive processes, which is a crucial requirement for claiming CCL relief.


e) On-going Support: Pro Tax Accountant can provide ongoing support and advice to ensure that your organization continues to benefit from CCL relief and remains compliant with the CCA requirements.


Seeking professional help for filling out the PP11 form in the UK can be advantageous in ensuring accuracy, compliance, and timely submission. Pro Tax Accountant, as a UK-based accounting company, can provide the necessary expertise, support, and guidance to help your organization successfully claim CCL relief and adhere to the requirements of your Climate Change Agreement. By enlisting their services, you can save time and focus on your core business operations while maximizing your chances of obtaining CCL relief.



FAQs


1. Q: What specific energy-intensive processes qualify for CCL relief?

A: The exact processes qualifying for CCL relief are detailed in the Climate Change Agreements (CCAs) and may vary by industry.


2. Q: Can a business apply for CCL relief retroactively?

A: Generally, CCL relief is not retroactive and applies from the date of the claim's approval.


3. Q: How frequently are CCAs audited for compliance?

A: The frequency of CCA audits varies but typically includes regular reporting and occasional detailed audits.


4. Q: Are there penalties for non-compliance with a CCA?

A: Yes, non-compliance can lead to penalties, including loss of CCL relief.


5. Q: Can a business join more than one CCA if it operates in multiple sectors?

A: Businesses operating in multiple sectors may join relevant CCAs for each sector, subject to eligibility.


6. Q: Is the CCL discount applicable to all types of energy consumption?

A: No, the discount is specifically for energy used in qualifying processes and not for general usage like heating or lighting.


7. Q: How does a business prove its energy use is for qualifying processes? A: Businesses must provide evidence like process flow diagrams or technical reports with their PP11 form.


8. Q: What happens if a business's energy use changes significantly?

A: Significant changes in energy use should be reported, as they may affect CCL relief eligibility and rates.


9. Q: Can charities or non-profit organizations qualify for CCL relief?

A: Eligibility is typically for energy-intensive industries, but specific circumstances may vary and should be consulted with a tax professional.


10. Q: What is the process for renewing CCL relief after the CCA target period ends?

A: Businesses must reapply with a new PP11 form for each new CCA target period.


11. Q: How does a business document and report its energy efficiency improvements? A: Documentation includes regular progress reports and may require audits or assessments.


12. Q: Are renewable energy sources eligible for CCL relief?

A: Renewable energy sources are generally exempt from the CCL, potentially reducing the levy's impact.


13. Q: Can a business claim CCL relief if it uses a mix of renewable and non-renewable energy?

A: Yes, but the relief only applies to the non-renewable portion used in qualifying processes.


14. Q: What if a business fails to maintain the required energy efficiency improvements? A: Failure to maintain improvements can lead to a loss of CCL relief and potential penalties.


15. Q: How long does HMRC take to process a PP11 form?

A: Processing times vary, but businesses should allow sufficient time for review and approval.


16. Q: Can businesses appeal HMRC's decision on a PP11 form?

A: Businesses can appeal HMRC decisions, but the process should be undertaken with professional advice.


17. Q: Does CCL relief apply to all UK regions equally?

A: CCL policies generally apply across the UK, but regional variations in energy policy may exist.


18. Q: Are there any tax implications of receiving CCL relief?

A: CCL relief reduces the levy paid and may impact overall tax calculations for a business.


19. Q: What support is available for businesses struggling to meet CCA targets?

A: Professional advice and government resources may assist businesses in achieving CCA targets.


20. Q: How can a business track its progress towards meeting CCA targets?

A: Regular reporting, internal audits, and energy monitoring systems can help track progress.




395 views

Comments


bottom of page