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What is a P55 Form?

Updated: Jun 8

Understanding P55 Form

The P55 form is a crucial document for UK taxpayers who have accessed their pension funds flexibly without completely draining their pension pot. This form is primarily used to claim back any overpaid tax on these pension withdrawals. The significance of the P55 form arises from the fact that individuals might find themselves taxed at an emergency rate, potentially leading to overpayment. It serves to rectify this discrepancy by ensuring taxpayers reclaim any excess tax paid​​​​.

What is a P55 Form?

Eligibility for P55 Form

Who is Eligible to Claim Back Any Overpaid Tax in the UK Through Form P55

In the UK, taxpayers who have overpaid tax on their pension pots can claim a refund using Form P55. This procedure is a vital aspect of the tax system, ensuring taxpayers aren’t penalized for overpayments. Understanding eligibility for claiming back overpaid tax through Form P55 is essential for UK taxpayers, especially those who have flexibly accessed their pension pots. This article delves into the specifics of who is eligible to use Form P55.

1. Individuals Who Have Partially Accessed Their Pension Pots

The primary eligibility criterion for using Form P55 is having accessed only part of your pension pot. Form P55 is designed for taxpayers who have not fully withdrawn their pension funds but have instead taken a portion of it. This partial access often leads to overpayment of tax due to emergency tax codes applied by pension providers, necessitating a claim for a refund.

2. Taxpayers Subjected to Emergency Tax Codes

When a taxpayer withdraws from their pension for the first time, pension providers typically apply an emergency tax code. This can result in a higher tax deduction than necessary, leading to overpayment. Individuals who find themselves taxed under these circumstances are eligible to claim a refund using Form P55.

3. Taxpayers Not Utilizing the Whole Pension Pot

Form P55 is specific to situations where the taxpayer does not intend to withdraw their entire pension pot within the same tax year. This includes cases where only lump sum amounts are taken, with the remainder of the pension pot left intact.

4. Those Not Receiving Regular Pension Payments

Eligibility extends to individuals who have taken a lump sum from their pension but are not receiving regular pension payments. This one-off withdrawal, as opposed to a regular income stream from the pension, sets the stage for potential tax overpayment.

5. Taxpayers Not Working or Claiming State Benefits

Form P55 is applicable for individuals who are neither currently employed nor receiving state benefits. This criterion is important because different tax rules and forms apply to those who are employed or receiving benefits.

6. Taxpayers Who Have Not Used Other Relevant Forms

If you have flexibly accessed the entire pension pot or have other specific circumstances (such as having stopped working), other forms like P53Z or P50Z are more appropriate. Form P55 is specifically for those who do not fall into these categories.

7. Residents of the UK for Tax Purposes

The form is applicable to UK residents for tax purposes. Non-residents might need to follow different procedures or claim tax relief under double taxation agreements.

8. Individuals Without a P45 from a Pension Provider

Eligibility also includes those who do not have a P45 form issued by their pension provider after withdrawing a part of their pension. This situation often arises in flexible access cases.

9. Those With Accurate and Complete Documentation

Eligibility extends to individuals who can provide accurate and complete documentation regarding their pension withdrawals and tax details. This includes having precise figures for the amount withdrawn and the tax paid.

10. Claimants Within the Applicable Tax Year

Claims should generally be made within the relevant tax year for which the overpayment occurred. This ensures that the claim is timely and relevant to the specific tax details of that year.

11. Taxpayers Not Already Reimbursed by Pension Providers

If the pension provider has already reimbursed the overpaid tax, then the taxpayer is not eligible to use Form P55. This form is specifically for cases where the pension provider has not made any tax refund.

12. Individuals Prepared to Provide Detailed Income Information

Claimants must be prepared to provide detailed information about their income and tax details for the tax year, including any other pensions, employment income, or state benefits received.

Specific Scenarios for Using P55

The P55 form is not a one-size-fits-all solution. It's specifically designed for scenarios where you have not emptied your pension pot and will not be taking regular or flexible payments from it before the end of the tax year. If all of the pension pot has been accessed, or if other circumstances like ceasing work apply, different forms such as P53Z or P50Z should be used instead​​​​.

Impact of Residency Status

It's important to note that the P55 form is not applicable to individuals who are not UK residents for tax purposes. Such individuals should explore options under double taxation agreements instead of using the P55 form​​.

How to Obtain and Fill the P55 Form

Accessing the Form

You can obtain the P55 form directly from HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC). It's available for completion both online and in paper format. Starting the process requires logging into your government gateway account, which can be created following the HMRC’s online guidance. For any queries or assistance, contacting HMRC is advisable​​.

Information Required for P55 Form Completion

Income Details

When filling out the P55 form, it's essential to provide comprehensive information about your expected income for the tax year. This includes details such as the name, address, and PAYE reference of your employer or pension provider, along with the expected amount of income from various sources like employment, pension, state benefits, and any other forms of income​​.

Self-Assessment Tax Return Considerations

Individuals who also complete a Self-Assessment tax return need to be mindful of not including any estimated Self-Assessment income in their P55 claim unless it's intended to be factored into the tax repayment calculation. Any repayments received must be included in the next Self-Assessment tax return​​.

The P55 form is a vital tool for UK taxpayers who have partially accessed their pension pots and face overpayment of tax due to the application of emergency tax rates. Understanding the eligibility criteria, the process of obtaining and completing the form, and the necessary information required is crucial for a successful claim.

Completing the Form Online

For those opting for the online route, the process involves using the government's online service, which requires a Government Gateway user ID and password. After completing the form online, it's necessary to print it, sign the declaration, and then post it to HMRC​​.

Paper Form Submission

If you're unable to start your claim online or prefer the traditional method, the P55 form can be printed, filled in by hand, and posted to HMRC. This method is also an alternative for those who might require the form in a more accessible format​​.

Step by Step Guide for Filling Out the P55 Form

Step by Step Guide for Filling Out the P55 Form (Tax Year 2024 to 2025)

The HMRC P55 form is utilized by individuals in the UK who have accessed part of their pension pot flexibly and are not taking regular payments, and seek to claim a tax refund if overpaid. Below is a detailed step-by-step guide on how to fill out this form, including all sections and questions.

Section 1: Personal Details

Question 1: Title

  • Suggested Answer: Enter your title, such as Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms, or Dr.

Question 2: Your surname or family name

  • Suggested Answer: Provide your family name as it appears in official documents.

Question 3: Your first name

  • Suggested Answer: Enter your first name.

Question 4: Your address

  • Suggested Answer: Fill in your current address where you can receive mail.

Question 5: Your contact telephone number

  • Suggested Answer: Provide a phone number where you can be contacted.

Question 6: Best time to contact you

  • Suggested Answer: Indicate the most convenient time for HMRC to contact you.

Question 7: Your date of birth

  • Suggested Answer: Enter your birth date in the format DD MM YYYY.

Question 8: Your National Insurance number

  • Suggested Answer: Input your National Insurance number, e.g., QQ123456A.

Question 9: Your employer PAYE reference number

  • Suggested Answer: Include the PAYE reference number if applicable.

Section 2: Employment Income

Question 10: Do you expect to receive income from paid employment during the tax year?

  • Suggested Answer: Answer Yes or No. If Yes, provide details of the employer and expected income before tax.

Section 3: Self-Employment Income

Question 11: Do you expect to receive any profit from self-employment during the tax year?

  • Suggested Answer: Respond Yes or No. If Yes, proceed to the next question.

Question 12: Total amount of profits

  • Suggested Answer: Enter your expected profit amount before taxes.

Section 4: UK Pension Income

Question 13: Have you or do you expect to receive income from any UK pension during the tax year?

  • Suggested Answer: Answer Yes or No. If Yes, provide details including the pension payer’s name and the amount expected.

Section 5: Taxable State Benefits

Question 14: Do you expect to receive any taxable state benefits during the tax year?

  • Suggested Answer: Answer Yes or No. If Yes, list each type of benefit and the expected amount.

Section 6: Taxed Interest on UK Savings and Investment Income

Question 15: Do you expect to receive taxed interest on UK savings and investment income during the tax year?

  • Suggested Answer: Answer Yes or No. If Yes, detail the total amount of savings interest and tax paid.

Additional Income Types

Questions continue for untaxed interest, dividends, and other types of income, requiring you to specify whether you expect to receive these incomes and provide respective amounts.

Section 7: Gift Aid Payments

Question 23: Do you expect to make any Gift Aid payments in the tax year?

  • Suggested Answer: Answer Yes or No. If Yes, specify the total amount expected to be donated.

Final Steps

Ensure you provide accurate bank details for the refund, review all information, sign, and date the declaration. The final steps involve confirming all details are correct and submitting the form to HMRC for processing.

This comprehensive guide aims to facilitate the accurate completion of the P55 form, ensuring you claim any tax refunds due effectively. For more detailed guidance or specific inquiries, visiting the official HMRC website or consulting a tax professional is recommended.

2024 Updates Regarding the Use of HMRC P55 Form in the UK

In 2024, significant updates have been made to the HMRC P55 form, which is crucial for individuals who have accessed their pension pots flexibly and seek to claim a tax refund on overpayments. These updates reflect the ongoing efforts by HM Revenue & Customs to streamline the tax refund process and provide clearer guidance to taxpayers.

Key Updates to the P55 Form

  1. Revision of Claim Requirements: As of January 2024, HMRC has clarified the requirements for claiming a tax refund using the P55 form. Taxpayers must ensure that they have not fully emptied their pension pots and are not receiving regular or flexible payments for the remainder of the tax year. Additionally, the pension provider must be unable to issue a tax refund directly.

  2. Updated Guidance for Taxpayers: HMRC has published new guidance to help individuals understand when and how to use the P55 form. This includes detailed instructions on the types of income and documentation needed when filling out the form, ensuring that taxpayers provide all necessary information to avoid delays or errors in processing their claims.

  3. Interactive Guidance and Online Claims: HMRC has improved its online services, including an updated interactive guidance tool for the P55 form, making it easier for individuals to start their claims online. This tool guides taxpayers through the process, ensuring they fill out the form correctly. However, there was a temporary downtime in October 2023 for updates, which has since been resolved, enhancing the overall functionality and user experience.

  4. Enhancements to Online and Paper Form Processes: For those unable to use the online services, HMRC continues to offer a paper-based form that can be printed, filled out manually, and mailed. This option caters to individuals who prefer or require a non-digital method for submitting their claims.

Implications for Taxpayers

These updates are designed to make the tax refund process more accessible and less cumbersome for taxpayers who have flexibly accessed their pension pots. By clarifying the eligibility requirements and improving both digital and traditional submission methods, HMRC aims to expedite the refund process and reduce the incidence of incorrect submissions.

Taxpayers are advised to review the latest guidance from HMRC regarding the P55 form to ensure compliance with the new requirements and to take advantage of the enhanced online tools for a smoother claim process. These updates are part of HMRC's broader initiative to improve taxpayer interactions and satisfaction by providing clearer, more accessible services and reducing administrative burdens.

A Real-Life Case Study of Using the HMRC P55 Form


Let’s imagine a retiree named Edward Thompson who, after several years of diligent planning, decided to access his pension pot flexibly upon retirement. Edward's decision was influenced by the need to manage a sudden financial requirement. However, due to the application of emergency tax codes, he ended up paying significantly more tax than what was due.

Initial Steps

In early April 2024, Edward realized he had overpaid his taxes after withdrawing £25,000 from his pension, where £5,000 was tax-free, and tax was deducted from the remaining £20,000 at an emergency rate. Given that his total tax liability for the year was estimated to be lower, he needed to claim a refund.

Edward logged onto the HMRC website to access the P55 form—a specific form used for claiming tax refunds on part-flexibly accessed pension pots. This form is necessary when the individual has not withdrawn their entire pension and will not be making further withdrawals within the same tax year.

Completing the Form

To fill out the P55 form, Edward first gathered all necessary documentation, including his National Insurance number, PAYE reference from his pension provider, details of the lump sum received, and other relevant income details for the tax year.

The P55 form required Edward to provide estimates of his yearly income, rounded down to the nearest pound, ensuring he accounted for any other income he expected to receive within the tax year. This could include employment income, additional pension income, and possibly any taxable state benefits or dividends.

Online Submission Process

Edward chose to submit his claim online for convenience, using the HMRC’s digital platform. The process involved logging in with his Government Gateway ID, filling in the details directly on the website, and submitting them electronically.

Once submitted, the typical response time from HMRC for a P55 form processing could take up to four weeks, during which they would assess the claim and calculate the overpaid tax amount. If additional information was required, HMRC would contact Edward directly.

Receiving the Refund

Upon successful processing of his claim, Edward expected the refund to be deposited directly into his bank account. HMRC uses the Faster Payments system, ensuring that refunds are processed quickly once the claim is approved.

Post-Claim Considerations

Post-claim, Edward would need to keep all relevant paperwork until HMRC completed any end-of-year checks to reconcile the amounts refunded with actual tax liabilities. Any discrepancies found later could result in further adjustments.

This case study of Edward Thompson illustrates the practical steps involved in using the HMRC P55 form to claim back overpaid tax on a pension lump sum accessed flexibly. It highlights the need for accurate record-keeping, understanding the specific requirements for tax refunds on pensions, and the convenience of using online services to manage tax affairs efficiently. For individuals like Edward, staying informed about the latest tax forms and guidelines, as updated in 2024, ensures they can manage their pensions and tax liabilities effectively.

Submission Process and Aftermath of P55 Form in the UK

Submission Process and Aftermath of P55 Form

Submission Process of the P55 Form

After obtaining and accurately completing the P55 form, either online or in paper format, the next step is submission. If completed online, the form should be printed, signed, and posted to HMRC. For those who opt for a paper form, it should be filled out, signed, and similarly mailed to HMRC. This process is integral to initiating the tax refund claim for overpaid tax on pension payments​​.

Important Considerations Before Submission

Before sending off the P55 form, it's crucial to ensure all necessary details are included. This includes information about any other income you expect to receive in the tax year of the pension payment. Using whole numbers rounded down to the nearest pound is advised for any estimated figures. It's also essential to retain all paperwork relating to your claim until HMRC completes their checks at the end of the tax year​.

Tax Refund Process

Once HMRC receives your completed P55 form, they will process it and determine any repayment due. The repayment, if applicable, will be made through Faster Payments into a bank account in your name or your nominee’s. HMRC will conduct another check at the end of the tax year to ensure the correct refund amount has been issued and will contact you if there are any discrepancies​.

Information Required for Claiming

To complete your claim, you’ll need to provide HMRC with specific details, including:

  • The name, address, and PAYE reference of your employer and pension provider.

  • Expected amounts from various income sources, including employment, UK pension income, any pension flexibility lump sum payments, self-employment profits, and any other income like dividends, state benefits, or Gift Aid payments​.

Self-Assessment Tax Return Considerations

For those who fill in a Self-Assessment tax return, it's important not to include any estimated Self-Assessment income in the P55 claim unless it is to be included in the repayment calculation. Any repayments received must be included in the next Self-Assessment tax return​.

Next Steps

Completing and submitting the P55 form accurately is essential for claiming a tax refund on overpaid tax due to flexibly accessing part of your pension pot. It is imperative to provide complete and accurate information to avoid delays or rejection of the claim.

Timing and Receiving the Tax Refund for P55 Form

Understanding the Tax Refund Timing

After submitting the P55 form to HMRC, the processing time for the tax refund can vary. Typically, the time taken by HMRC to process the P55 form and issue any due repayment can range anywhere between 4 to 7 weeks, depending on various factors such as the time of year and the complexity of the individual case​​. However, it's also noted that the timeframe can extend up to 8 weeks, influenced by the method of application (online or paper), and if there are any additional security checks involved during the process​.

Possible Delays in Processing

While the general expectation is a 4 to 7-week processing time, there have been instances where the processing took several months, especially during periods of system glitches or high volume of claims​​. It's advisable for taxpayers to be prepared for potential delays and maintain communication with HMRC if the process extends beyond the typical timeframe.

Receiving the Tax Refund

Once the P55 form is processed and HMRC determines that a refund is due, the repayment will be made via Faster Payments directly into the bank account of the claimant or their nominee. It’s important for claimants to provide accurate bank details to avoid any delays in receiving the refund​.

End of Tax Year Review

After the initial refund, HMRC will conduct a review at the end of the tax year to ensure that the correct amount has been refunded. If there are any discrepancies found, they will contact the taxpayer to resolve the issue. This step is vital to ensure both HMRC and the taxpayer have accurately settled the overpaid tax amount​.

Conclusion and Final Recommendations

In summary, the P55 form is a significant tool for taxpayers in the UK who have partially accessed their pension funds and need to claim a refund for overpaid tax. Understanding the process of obtaining, completing, and submitting the form, along with the expected timeframe for receiving the tax refund, is crucial for a smooth experience. Taxpayers should be aware of potential delays and should keep track of their claim's progress. It is also essential to ensure all information provided is accurate and to maintain all relevant paperwork until the process is fully completed. With careful attention to these details, taxpayers can efficiently navigate the P55 form submission and tax refund process.

Why Should You Get Professional Help to Claim Back Any Overpaid Tax in the UK

Why Should You Get Professional Help to Claim Back Any Overpaid Tax in the UK

Navigating the complexities of the UK tax system can be daunting, especially when it comes to claiming back any overpaid tax. While it's possible to handle tax matters independently, there are compelling reasons to seek professional help. This article explores why enlisting the assistance of tax professionals can be advantageous for individuals and businesses alike.

1. Expert Knowledge of Tax Laws and Regulations

The UK tax system is intricate, with continuously evolving laws and regulations. Tax professionals are adept at understanding these complexities. They stay updated with the latest tax laws, ensuring that their clients benefit from every relevant tax relief, deduction, and allowance. This expertise is crucial when claiming overpaid tax, as missing out on key details can lead to under-claiming or even penalties.

2. Reducing the Risk of Errors

Filing tax claims involves intricate calculations and adherence to strict guidelines. Errors in tax claims can lead to delays, audits, and additional fines. Professionals have the experience and tools to minimize mistakes, ensuring accuracy in your tax claim. They can spot discrepancies and correct them before submission, thereby streamlining the process and reducing the risk of problems with HMRC.

3. Time-Saving and Convenience

Claiming back overpaid tax can be time-consuming, involving gathering and organizing financial documents, filling out forms correctly, and communicating with HMRC. Hiring a tax professional frees you from this burden, allowing you to focus on your core activities, whether it’s running your business or managing personal commitments. They handle the procedural aspects efficiently, saving you valuable time and effort.

4. Maximizing Your Refund

A tax professional can help ensure you claim the maximum refund to which you are entitled. They have a comprehensive understanding of tax allowances and reliefs that many taxpayers are unaware of. Their skill in identifying all potential areas for tax recovery can significantly increase the amount of your refund.

5. Dealing with Complex Situations

If your tax situation is complex, involving multiple income streams, investments, overseas assets, or recent changes in your financial circumstances, the expertise of a tax professional becomes even more valuable. They can navigate these complexities, ensuring your claim accurately reflects your tax position and maximizing your chances of a successful outcome.

6. Representation in Case of Disputes

In the event of a dispute with HMRC regarding your tax claim, having professional representation can be immensely beneficial. Tax professionals are experienced in negotiating with HMRC and can represent your interests effectively. They can handle communications and, if necessary, appeals, providing you with peace of mind and a better chance of a favorable resolution.

7. Staying Compliant and Avoiding Penalties

Tax professionals ensure that your claim complies with the latest tax laws and HMRC guidelines. This compliance is critical to avoiding penalties or legal issues. Their expertise in tax legislation means they can advise you on the legal implications of your tax claims and help you maintain a good standing with HMRC.

8. Personalized Advice and Planning

Every taxpayer’s situation is unique, and a one-size-fits-all approach doesn’t work when it comes to taxes. Tax professionals provide personalized advice tailored to your specific circumstances. This bespoke service not only aids in claiming back overpaid tax but also helps in future tax planning, ensuring you make informed decisions that optimize your tax position.

9. Stress Reduction

Dealing with tax matters can be stressful, especially if you are unsure about the process or concerned about potential errors. Professional assistance can alleviate this stress, providing you with the assurance that your tax matters are being handled expertly and diligently.

10. Long-Term Financial Benefits

Engaging a tax professional can have long-term financial benefits. Beyond the immediate advantage of maximizing your tax refund, they can provide ongoing advice to optimize your tax efficiency in future years. This proactive approach can lead to significant savings over time.

In conclusion, while it may be tempting to handle tax matters independently to save on fees, the benefits of professional assistance in claiming back overpaid tax in the UK are significant. The expertise, accuracy, time savings, and peace of mind offered by tax professionals make their services a valuable investment for both individuals and businesses. By ensuring that your tax claims are accurate, compliant, and optimized, you can secure the maximum refund while maintaining a positive relationship with HMRC.

20 Most Important FAQs about Form P55

1. Q: Can I use Form P55 for a pension pot I've fully withdrawn?

A: No, Form P55 is specifically for cases where only part of the pension pot has been accessed, not fully withdrawn.

2. Q: What if I am a non-resident in the UK? Am I eligible to use Form P55?

A: No, non-UK residents for tax purposes should not use Form P55 and may need to explore claims under double taxation agreements.

3. Q: Can I file Form P55 if I'm currently receiving state benefits?

A: No, Form P55 is not applicable if you are receiving state benefits.

4. Q: Is it mandatory to have a Government Gateway account to file Form P55 online?

A: Yes, a Government Gateway account is required to file Form P55 online.

5. Q: How do I know if I have overpaid tax on my pension pot?

A: Overpayment generally occurs if you were taxed at an emergency rate. You can review your tax statements or consult with HMRC or a tax advisor for clarification.

6. Q: What should I do if I make an error on my Form P55?

A: If you notice an error after submission, contact HMRC as soon as possible to rectify the mistake.

7. Q: Can I submit Form P55 for a previous tax year?

A: Form P55 is typically for the current tax year. For previous years, other procedures might apply, and it's best to consult HMRC for guidance.

8. Q: How do I know if HMRC received my Form P55?

A: If submitted online, you may receive a submission confirmation. For postal submissions, consider using tracked mailing services.

9. Q: Can I appoint someone to handle my Form P55 on my behalf?

A: Yes, you can authorize a tax advisor or an agent to handle your Form P55.

10. Q: What happens if HMRC needs more information after I submit Form P55?

A: HMRC will contact you requesting additional information. Promptly providing the required information will help avoid delays.

11. Q: Can I fill out Form P55 electronically?

A: Yes, Form P55 can be filled out online through the HMRC website.

12. Q: Is there a deadline for submitting Form P55?

A: While there's no strict deadline, it's advisable to submit as soon as you realize you've overpaid tax to expedite the refund process.

13. Q: Can I claim a tax refund using Form P55 if I've only taken a tax-free lump sum from my pension?

A: No, Form P55 is for situations where you've taken a taxable amount from your pension pot.

14. Q: What if I'm also filling out a Self-Assessment tax return?

A: If completing a Self-Assessment, do not include estimated income from it in your Form P55 unless you want it considered in the refund calculation.

15. Q: How can I track the progress of my Form P55 claim?

A: You can contact HMRC to check the status of your claim. Be mindful of the processing time which can be several weeks.

16. Q: Are there any fees for filing Form P55?

A: No, there are no fees charged by HMRC for filing Form P55.

17. Q: What if my circumstances change after submitting Form P55?

A: Inform HMRC immediately if there are significant changes that could affect your tax situation.

18. Q: Can I amend my Form P55 after submission?

A: You cannot amend the form once submitted, but you can contact HMRC to discuss necessary changes.

19. Q: What should I do if I haven't received my refund within the expected timeframe?

A: If the refund takes longer than the usual 4 to 8 weeks, contact HMRC for an update on your claim.

20. Q: How will I know the amount of refund I will receive from HMRC?

A: HMRC will calculate the refund based on the information provided in Form P55 and notify you of the amount you are owed.


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