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What is a P55 Form?

Updated: Dec 2, 2023

Understanding P55 Form

The P55 form is a crucial document for UK taxpayers who have accessed their pension funds flexibly without completely draining their pension pot. This form is primarily used to claim back any overpaid tax on these pension withdrawals. The significance of the P55 form arises from the fact that individuals might find themselves taxed at an emergency rate, potentially leading to overpayment. It serves to rectify this discrepancy by ensuring taxpayers reclaim any excess tax paid​​​​.


What is a P55 Form?


Eligibility for P55 Form


Who is Eligible to Claim Back Any Overpaid Tax in the UK Through Form P55

In the UK, taxpayers who have overpaid tax on their pension pots can claim a refund using Form P55. This procedure is a vital aspect of the tax system, ensuring taxpayers aren’t penalized for overpayments. Understanding eligibility for claiming back overpaid tax through Form P55 is essential for UK taxpayers, especially those who have flexibly accessed their pension pots. This article delves into the specifics of who is eligible to use Form P55.


1. Individuals Who Have Partially Accessed Their Pension Pots

The primary eligibility criterion for using Form P55 is having accessed only part of your pension pot. Form P55 is designed for taxpayers who have not fully withdrawn their pension funds but have instead taken a portion of it. This partial access often leads to overpayment of tax due to emergency tax codes applied by pension providers, necessitating a claim for a refund.


2. Taxpayers Subjected to Emergency Tax Codes

When a taxpayer withdraws from their pension for the first time, pension providers typically apply an emergency tax code. This can result in a higher tax deduction than necessary, leading to overpayment. Individuals who find themselves taxed under these circumstances are eligible to claim a refund using Form P55.


3. Taxpayers Not Utilizing the Whole Pension Pot

Form P55 is specific to situations where the taxpayer does not intend to withdraw their entire pension pot within the same tax year. This includes cases where only lump sum amounts are taken, with the remainder of the pension pot left intact.


4. Those Not Receiving Regular Pension Payments

Eligibility extends to individuals who have taken a lump sum from their pension but are not receiving regular pension payments. This one-off withdrawal, as opposed to a regular income stream from the pension, sets the stage for potential tax overpayment.


5. Taxpayers Not Working or Claiming State Benefits

Form P55 is applicable for individuals who are neither currently employed nor receiving state benefits. This criterion is important because different tax rules and forms apply to those who are employed or receiving benefits.


6. Taxpayers Who Have Not Used Other Relevant Forms

If you have flexibly accessed the entire pension pot or have other specific circumstances (such as having stopped working), other forms like P53Z or P50Z are more appropriate. Form P55 is specifically for those who do not fall into these categories.


7. Residents of the UK for Tax Purposes

The form is applicable to UK residents for tax purposes. Non-residents might need to follow different procedures or claim tax relief under double taxation agreements.


8. Individuals Without a P45 from a Pension Provider

Eligibility also includes those who do not have a P45 form issued by their pension provider after withdrawing a part of their pension. This situation often arises in flexible access cases.


9. Those With Accurate and Complete Documentation

Eligibility extends to individuals who can provide accurate and complete documentation regarding their pension withdrawals and tax details. This includes having precise figures for the amount withdrawn and the tax paid.


10. Claimants Within the Applicable Tax Year

Claims should generally be made within the relevant tax year for which the overpayment occurred. This ensures that the claim is timely and relevant to the specific tax details of that year.


11. Taxpayers Not Already Reimbursed by Pension Providers

If the pension provider has already reimbursed the overpaid tax, then the taxpayer is not eligible to use Form P55. This form is specifically for cases where the pension provider has not made any tax refund.


12. Individuals Prepared to Provide Detailed Income Information

Claimants must be prepared to provide detailed information about their income and tax details for the tax year, including any other pensions, employment income, or state benefits received.


Specific Scenarios for Using P55

The P55 form is not a one-size-fits-all solution. It's specifically designed for scenarios where you have not emptied your pension pot and will not be taking regular or flexible payments from it before the end of the tax year. If all of the pension pot has been accessed, or if other circumstances like ceasing work apply, different forms such as P53Z or P50Z should be used instead​​​​.


Impact of Residency Status

It's important to note that the P55 form is not applicable to individuals who are not UK residents for tax purposes. Such individuals should explore options under double taxation agreements instead of using the P55 form​​.


How to Obtain and Fill the P55 Form


Accessing the Form

You can obtain the P55 form directly from HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC). It's available for completion both online and in paper format. Starting the process requires logging into your government gateway account, which can be created following the HMRC’s online guidance. For any queries or assistance, contacting HMRC is advisable​​.


Information Required for P55 Form Completion


Income Details

When filling out the P55 form, it's essential to provide comprehensive information about your expected income for the tax year. This includes details such as the name, address, and PAYE reference of your employer or pension provider, along with the expected amount of income from various sources like employment, pension, state benefits, and any other forms of income​​.


Self-Assessment Tax Return Considerations

Individuals who also complete a Self-Assessment tax return need to be mindful of not including any estimated Self-Assessment income in their P55 claim unless it's intended to be factored into the tax repayment calculation. Any repayments received must be included in the next Self-Assessment tax return​​.


The P55 form is a vital tool for UK taxpayers who have partially accessed their pension pots and face overpayment of tax due to the application of emergency tax rates. Understanding the eligibility criteria, the process of obtaining and completing the form, and the necessary information required is crucial for a successful claim.


Completing the Form Online

For those opting for the online route, the process involves using the government's online service, which requires a Government Gateway user ID and password. After completing the form online, it's necessary to print it, sign the declaration, and then post it to HMRC​​.


Paper Form Submission

If you're unable to start your claim online or prefer the traditional method, the P55 form can be printed, filled in by hand, and posted to HMRC. This method is also an alternative for those who might require the form in a more accessible format​​.


Step by Step Guide for Filling Out the P55 Form


Step by Step Guide for Filling Out the P55 Form (Tax Year 2023 to 2024)

About You

  1. Title: Enter your title (e.g., Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms, Dr).

  2. Surname or Family Name: Enter your surname.

  3. First Name: Enter your first name.

  4. Address: Provide your full postal address.

  5. Contact Telephone Number: Enter your phone number.

  6. Best Time to Contact You: Specify a convenient time for contact.

  7. Date of Birth: Enter your date of birth in DD MM YYYY format.

  8. National Insurance Number: Provide your National Insurance number (e.g., QQ123456A).

  9. Employer PAYE Reference Number: Enter your employer's PAYE reference number, if applicable (e.g., 123/A246).


Employment Income

  • Q. Do you expect to receive income from paid employment during the tax year 2023 to 2024?:

  • A. Choose 'Yes' or 'No'. If 'Yes', list each employer and the expected amount of income before tax. Include taxable benefits if applicable.


Self-employment Income

  • Q. Do you expect to receive any profit from self-employment during the tax year 2023 to 2024?:

  • A. Choose 'Yes' or 'No'. If 'Yes', proceed to question 12.

  • Q. Total amount of profits:

  • A. Enter the estimated amount of self-employment profits.


UK Pension Income

  • Q. Have you or do you expect to receive income from any UK pension during the tax year 2023 to 2024?:

  • A. Choose 'Yes' or 'No'. If 'Yes', provide details of the pension payer and the expected income amount.


Taxable State Benefits

  • Q. Do you expect to receive any taxable state benefits during the tax year 2023 to 2024?:

  • A. Choose 'Yes' or 'No'. If 'Yes', list each type of benefit and the expected amount.


Taxed Interest on UK Savings and Investment Income

  • Q. Do you expect to receive taxed interest on UK savings and investment income during the tax year 2023 to 2024?:

  • A. Choose 'Yes' or 'No'. If 'Yes', provide the total amount of savings interest and tax paid.


Untaxed Interest on UK Savings

  • Q. Do you expect to receive untaxed interest on UK savings during the tax year 2023 to 2024?:

  • A. Choose 'Yes' or 'No'. If 'Yes', enter the total amount of untaxed interest expected.


Dividends from UK Companies

  • Q. Do you expect to receive dividend income from stocks and shares in the tax year 2023 to 2024?:

  • A. Choose 'Yes' or 'No'. If 'Yes', provide the total amount of dividend income.


Any Other Income

  • Q. Do you expect to receive any other income in the tax year 2023 to 2024?

  • A. Choose 'Yes' or 'No'. If 'Yes', detail the source and amount of other income.


Gift Aid Payments

  • Q. Do you expect to make any Gift Aid payments in the tax year 2023 to 2024?

  • A. Choose 'Yes' or 'No'. If 'Yes', enter the total amount of Gift Aid payments, including one-off payments.


How We’ll Make Your Repayment

  • Who would you like us to make a repayment to?:

  • Choose either 'You' or 'A nominee'.

  • For 'You', provide your account details: Name on account, Bank name, Sort code, and Account number.

  • For 'A nominee', provide the nominee's details: Name, Reference (if tax advisor), Address, Bank name, Sort code, and Account number.

Declaration

  • Confirm that the information provided is correct and complete.

  • Sign and date the form.

What to Do Now

  • Review all parts of the form for accuracy.

  • Mail the completed and signed form to the specified HMRC address.

This guide covers all sections and questions on the P55 form for the tax year 2023 to 2024. Ensure all information provided is accurate and up to date. For questions requiring financial amounts, use estimates if exact figures are not available and round down to the nearest pound.


Submission Process and Aftermath of P55 Form in the UK

Submission Process and Aftermath of P55 Form in the UK


Submission Process of the P55 Form

After obtaining and accurately completing the P55 form, either online or in paper format, the next step is submission. If completed online, the form should be printed, signed, and posted to HMRC. For those who opt for a paper form, it should be filled out, signed, and similarly mailed to HMRC. This process is integral to initiating the tax refund claim for overpaid tax on pension payments​​.


Important Considerations Before Submission

Before sending off the P55 form, it's crucial to ensure all necessary details are included. This includes information about any other income you expect to receive in the tax year of the pension payment. Using whole numbers rounded down to the nearest pound is advised for any estimated figures. It's also essential to retain all paperwork relating to your claim until HMRC completes their checks at the end of the tax year​​.


Tax Refund Process

Once HMRC receives your completed P55 form, they will process it and determine any repayment due. The repayment, if applicable, will be made through Faster Payments into a bank account in your name or your nominee’s. HMRC will conduct another check at the end of the tax year to ensure the correct refund amount has been issued and will contact you if there are any discrepancies​​.


Information Required for Claiming

To complete your claim, you’ll need to provide HMRC with specific details, including:

  • The name, address, and PAYE reference of your employer and pension provider.

  • Expected amounts from various income sources, including employment, UK pension income, any pension flexibility lump sum payments, self-employment profits, and any other income like dividends, state benefits, or Gift Aid payments​​.


Self-Assessment Tax Return Considerations

For those who fill in a Self-Assessment tax return, it's important not to include any estimated Self-Assessment income in the P55 claim unless it is to be included in the repayment calculation. Any repayments received must be included in the next Self-Assessment tax return​​.


Next Steps

Completing and submitting the P55 form accurately is essential for claiming a tax refund on overpaid tax due to flexibly accessing part of your pension pot. It is imperative to provide complete and accurate information to avoid delays or rejection of the claim.



Timing and Receiving the Tax Refund for P55 Form in the UK


Understanding the Tax Refund Timing

After submitting the P55 form to HMRC, the processing time for the tax refund can vary. Typically, the time taken by HMRC to process the P55 form and issue any due repayment can range anywhere between 4 to 7 weeks, depending on various factors such as the time of year and the complexity of the individual case​​. However, it's also noted that the timeframe can extend up to 8 weeks, influenced by the method of application (online or paper), and if there are any additional security checks involved during the process​​.


Possible Delays in Processing

While the general expectation is a 4 to 7-week processing time, there have been instances where the processing took several months, especially during periods of system glitches or high volume of claims​​. It's advisable for taxpayers to be prepared for potential delays and maintain communication with HMRC if the process extends beyond the typical timeframe.


Receiving the Tax Refund

Once the P55 form is processed and HMRC determines that a refund is due, the repayment will be made via Faster Payments directly into the bank account of the claimant or their nominee. It’s important for claimants to provide accurate bank details to avoid any delays in receiving the refund​​.


End of Tax Year Review

After the initial refund, HMRC will conduct a review at the end of the tax year to ensure that the correct amount has been refunded. If there are any discrepancies found, they will contact the taxpayer to resolve the issue. This step is vital to ensure both HMRC and the taxpayer have accurately settled the overpaid tax amount​​.


Conclusion and Final Recommendations

In summary, the P55 form is a significant tool for taxpayers in the UK who have partially accessed their pension funds and need to claim a refund for overpaid tax. Understanding the process of obtaining, completing, and submitting the form, along with the expected timeframe for receiving the tax refund, is crucial for a smooth experience. Taxpayers should be aware of potential delays and should keep track of their claim's progress. It is also essential to ensure all information provided is accurate and to maintain all relevant paperwork until the process is fully completed. With careful attention to these details, taxpayers can efficiently navigate the P55 form submission and tax refund process.


Why Should You Get Professional Help to Claim Back Any Overpaid Tax in the UK


Why Should You Get Professional Help to Claim Back Any Overpaid Tax in the UK

Navigating the complexities of the UK tax system can be daunting, especially when it comes to claiming back any overpaid tax. While it's possible to handle tax matters independently, there are compelling reasons to seek professional help. This article explores why enlisting the assistance of tax professionals can be advantageous for individuals and businesses alike.


1. Expert Knowledge of Tax Laws and Regulations

The UK tax system is intricate, with continuously evolving laws and regulations. Tax professionals are adept at understanding these complexities. They stay updated with the latest tax laws, ensuring that their clients benefit from every relevant tax relief, deduction, and allowance. This expertise is crucial when claiming overpaid tax, as missing out on key details can lead to under-claiming or even penalties.


2. Reducing the Risk of Errors

Filing tax claims involves intricate calculations and adherence to strict guidelines. Errors in tax claims can lead to delays, audits, and additional fines. Professionals have the experience and tools to minimize mistakes, ensuring accuracy in your tax claim. They can spot discrepancies and correct them before submission, thereby streamlining the process and reducing the risk of problems with HMRC.


3. Time-Saving and Convenience

Claiming back overpaid tax can be time-consuming, involving gathering and organizing financial documents, filling out forms correctly, and communicating with HMRC. Hiring a tax professional frees you from this burden, allowing you to focus on your core activities, whether it’s running your business or managing personal commitments. They handle the procedural aspects efficiently, saving you valuable time and effort.


4. Maximizing Your Refund

A tax professional can help ensure you claim the maximum refund to which you are entitled. They have a comprehensive understanding of tax allowances and reliefs that many taxpayers are unaware of. Their skill in identifying all potential areas for tax recovery can significantly increase the amount of your refund.


5. Dealing with Complex Situations

If your tax situation is complex, involving multiple income streams, investments, overseas assets, or recent changes in your financial circumstances, the expertise of a tax professional becomes even more valuable. They can navigate these complexities, ensuring your claim accurately reflects your tax position and maximizing your chances of a successful outcome.


6. Representation in Case of Disputes

In the event of a dispute with HMRC regarding your tax claim, having professional representation can be immensely beneficial. Tax professionals are experienced in negotiating with HMRC and can represent your interests effectively. They can handle communications and, if necessary, appeals, providing you with peace of mind and a better chance of a favorable resolution.


7. Staying Compliant and Avoiding Penalties

Tax professionals ensure that your claim complies with the latest tax laws and HMRC guidelines. This compliance is critical to avoiding penalties or legal issues. Their expertise in tax legislation means they can advise you on the legal implications of your tax claims and help you maintain a good standing with HMRC.


8. Personalized Advice and Planning

Every taxpayer’s situation is unique, and a one-size-fits-all approach doesn’t work when it comes to taxes. Tax professionals provide personalized advice tailored to your specific circumstances. This bespoke service not only aids in claiming back overpaid tax but also helps in future tax planning, ensuring you make informed decisions that optimize your tax position.


9. Stress Reduction

Dealing with tax matters can be stressful, especially if you are unsure about the process or concerned about potential errors. Professional assistance can alleviate this stress, providing you with the assurance that your tax matters are being handled expertly and diligently.


10. Long-Term Financial Benefits

Engaging a tax professional can have long-term financial benefits. Beyond the immediate advantage of maximizing your tax refund, they can provide ongoing advice to optimize your tax efficiency in future years. This proactive approach can lead to significant savings over time.


In conclusion, while it may be tempting to handle tax matters independently to save on fees, the benefits of professional assistance in claiming back overpaid tax in the UK are significant. The expertise, accuracy, time savings, and peace of mind offered by tax professionals make their services a valuable investment for both individuals and businesses. By ensuring that your tax claims are accurate, compliant, and optimized, you can secure the maximum refund while maintaining a positive relationship with HMRC.


20 Most Important FAQs about Form P55


1. Q: Can I use Form P55 for a pension pot I've fully withdrawn?

A: No, Form P55 is specifically for cases where only part of the pension pot has been accessed, not fully withdrawn.


2. Q: What if I am a non-resident in the UK? Am I eligible to use Form P55?

A: No, non-UK residents for tax purposes should not use Form P55 and may need to explore claims under double taxation agreements.


3. Q: Can I file Form P55 if I'm currently receiving state benefits?

A: No, Form P55 is not applicable if you are receiving state benefits.


4. Q: Is it mandatory to have a Government Gateway account to file Form P55 online?

A: Yes, a Government Gateway account is required to file Form P55 online.


5. Q: How do I know if I have overpaid tax on my pension pot?

A: Overpayment generally occurs if you were taxed at an emergency rate. You can review your tax statements or consult with HMRC or a tax advisor for clarification.


6. Q: What should I do if I make an error on my Form P55?

A: If you notice an error after submission, contact HMRC as soon as possible to rectify the mistake.


7. Q: Can I submit Form P55 for a previous tax year?

A: Form P55 is typically for the current tax year. For previous years, other procedures might apply, and it's best to consult HMRC for guidance.


8. Q: How do I know if HMRC received my Form P55?

A: If submitted online, you may receive a submission confirmation. For postal submissions, consider using tracked mailing services.


9. Q: Can I appoint someone to handle my Form P55 on my behalf?

A: Yes, you can authorize a tax advisor or an agent to handle your Form P55.


10. Q: What happens if HMRC needs more information after I submit Form P55?

A: HMRC will contact you requesting additional information. Promptly providing the required information will help avoid delays.


11. Q: Can I fill out Form P55 electronically?

A: Yes, Form P55 can be filled out online through the HMRC website.


12. Q: Is there a deadline for submitting Form P55?

A: While there's no strict deadline, it's advisable to submit as soon as you realize you've overpaid tax to expedite the refund process.


13. Q: Can I claim a tax refund using Form P55 if I've only taken a tax-free lump sum from my pension?

A: No, Form P55 is for situations where you've taken a taxable amount from your pension pot.


14. Q: What if I'm also filling out a Self-Assessment tax return?

A: If completing a Self-Assessment, do not include estimated income from it in your Form P55 unless you want it considered in the refund calculation.


15. Q: How can I track the progress of my Form P55 claim?

A: You can contact HMRC to check the status of your claim. Be mindful of the processing time which can be several weeks.


16. Q: Are there any fees for filing Form P55?

A: No, there are no fees charged by HMRC for filing Form P55.


17. Q: What if my circumstances change after submitting Form P55?

A: Inform HMRC immediately if there are significant changes that could affect your tax situation.


18. Q: Can I amend my Form P55 after submission?

A: You cannot amend the form once submitted, but you can contact HMRC to discuss necessary changes.


19. Q: What should I do if I haven't received my refund within the expected timeframe?

A: If the refund takes longer than the usual 4 to 8 weeks, contact HMRC for an update on your claim.


20. Q: How will I know the amount of refund I will receive from HMRC?

A: HMRC will calculate the refund based on the information provided in Form P55 and notify you of the amount you are owed.



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