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Understanding the Cash Declaration HMRC Form C9011

Updated: Jan 25

HMRC Form C9011, also recognized as the “Application for Time to Pay Arrangements,” plays a significant role in the UK’s tax system. It is a formal request to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) for a payment plan to settle tax liabilities over a period. This form is critical for individuals and businesses facing financial constraints in paying their tax bills in full by the due date.

The Cash Declaration HMRC Form C9011 is an essential document required by the UK's tax authorities when traveling with a significant amount of cash. This article will explore the purpose of this form, who should use it, and the process for submitting it.

Understanding the Cash Declaration HMRC Form C9011

What is the Cash Declaration HMRC Form C9011?

Form C9011 is an HMRC form that is used to declare the exact amount of cash if you are traveling to the UK or going out of the UK with cash exceeding £10,000. This is for England, Scotland, and Wales. For Northern Ireland, the threshold is €10,000.

A. Purpose of the Form

The HMRC Form C9011 serves to notify UK tax authorities when individuals or businesses are carrying large sums of cash into or out of the country. The form helps prevent money laundering, tax evasion, and other financial crimes.

B. Definition of Cash

For the purposes of Form C9011, cash is defined as currency notes and coins, postal orders, cheques (including travelers' cheques), and bearer bonds. Cash equivalents, like gold bullion, are also subject to the declaration requirement.

Who Needs to Declare Cash Using Form C9011?

A. Threshold for Declaration

Travelers carrying cash exceeding £10,000 (or its equivalent in other currencies) are required to declare the amount using Form C9011. This applies to both residents and non-residents entering or leaving the UK. This is for England, Scotland, and Wales. For Northern Ireland, the threshold is €10,000.

This also applies even if you are traveling as a family or organized group whose total cash exceeds the threshold limit.

B. Exceptions

Some exceptions exist, such as cash carried on behalf of government agencies or public authorities. Detailed information on exemptions can be found on the UK government's official website.

How to Complete and Submit Form C9011

A. Completing the Form

Form C9011 requires the traveler to provide personal information, travel details, and specifics about the cash being carried. This includes the amount, currency, and type of cash, as well as the purpose for carrying the cash. Filling out Form C9011 requires careful attention. It necessitates detailed information about the taxpayer’s financial status, including income, expenses, assets, and liabilities. Moreover, the form should clearly outline the proposed payment plan and the reasons for the request.

B. Submission Process

Form C9011 can be submitted either electronically or as a physical PDF copy. Electronic submissions can be made through the UK government's website, while physical copies must be handed to a Border Force officer upon arrival or departure at the airport, seaport, or international train station.

If you cannot fill up the form, you be allowed to make the declaration over the phone. Use the following number:

Customer Service Group

Telephone: 0300 322 9434

Monday to Friday, 8am to 6pm

C. Where Should You Send the Filled HMRC Form C9011 in the UK?

You should submit the completed form to a Border Agency officer upon your arrival or departure at the airport, seaport, or international train station. There is currently no option to send the completed form by mail or email; it must be handed in person to a Border Agency officer.

D. Post-Submission Process

After submitting Form C9011, HMRC reviews the provided information and assesses the taxpayer’s ability to make payments. The authority may accept the arrangement, propose modifications, or suggest alternative options, depending on the feasibility of the proposed plan.

Significance of Form C9011

Form C9011 is not just a bureaucratic procedure; it offers a lifeline to taxpayers. It allows for a structured repayment plan tailored to the taxpayer's financial situation, preventing financial hardships and accumulation of penalties and interest. This form provides a practical solution to manage tax liabilities and maintain financial stability.

Eligibility for Using Form C9011

Any individual or business entity unable to pay their tax liabilities in full by the due date can utilize Form C9011. This inclusivity ensures that both small and large entities can benefit from this arrangement, making the tax system more accommodating and flexible.

Time to Pay Arrangement: A Necessity for Financial Management

The primary purpose of a time to pay arrangement is to offer a manageable way to settle tax liabilities. This arrangement is particularly beneficial in scenarios where immediate full payment could lead to financial distress or disrupt cash flow for businesses.

Benefits of Form C9011

Using Form C9011 can significantly ease the immediate financial burden of paying the entire tax bill at once. It also helps in avoiding the escalation of debts due to penalties and interest, thus offering a more controlled approach to managing tax obligations.

Potential Declination of Requests

Not all requests for time to pay arrangements are automatically approved. HMRC evaluates each request on a case-by-case basis. The approval depends on various factors, including the feasibility of the proposed plan and the taxpayer’s past compliance history.

Implications of the Arrangement

Entering a time to pay arrangement alleviates the immediate pressure of tax liabilities. However, it's crucial to understand that interest may still accrue on the outstanding amount. Adherence to the agreed payment schedule is critical to avoid further complications.

Professional Advice: A Valuable Asset

Seeking professional advice for completing Form C9011 is often beneficial. Experts like accountants or financial advisors can ensure the accuracy and completeness of the application, enhancing the chances of acceptance.

Impact on Credit Ratings

Entering into a time to pay arrangement with HMRC does not directly affect credit ratings. However, failure to comply with the agreed payment terms can lead to legal actions that might negatively impact the taxpayer’s credit standing.

Alternatives to Form C9011

For those facing financial challenges, alternatives to Form C9011 include direct negotiations with HMRC or seeking other financial assistance. However, Form C9011 provides a more structured and official avenue for arranging tax payments.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

A. Fines and Seizure of Cash

Failure to declare cash exceeding the €10,000 threshold or providing false information on Form C9011 may result in fines or the seizure of the cash. The cash may be held until the investigation is completed, and if deemed necessary, it may be permanently confiscated.

B. Legal Consequences

In addition to fines and cash seizure, individuals or businesses found to be intentionally avoiding cash declaration requirements may face legal repercussions, including criminal charges.

How Much Money Can You Take Abroad Without Declaring in the UK?

In the UK, you can take up to €10,000 (or its equivalent in other currencies) abroad (for Northern Ireland) and £10,000 for England, Scotland, and Wales without declaring it. If you carry cash exceeding this threshold, you are required to declare the amount using the Cash Declaration HMRC Form C9011. This applies to both residents and non-residents entering or leaving the UK, and it includes currency notes and coins, postal orders, cheques (including travelers' cheques), bearer bonds, and cash equivalents like gold bullion.

The Evolution of HMRC Form C9011 and Implications for 2024

Recent Developments in HMRC Form C9011

In 2024, significant updates to the UK's tax system include changes to HMRC Form C9011. This evolution aligns with the government's broader objectives to modernize and simplify tax administration. One of the key aspects of these changes is the shift towards digital solutions, making tax compliance more streamlined and efficient.

Digitalization and Modernization

The move towards digitalization in tax reporting and payment processes reflects a growing trend across various HMRC functions. For instance, from April 2024, employers can either pay online or send a cheque by post for their PAYE obligations, marking a departure from the traditional payment booklet system. This change underscores HMRC's commitment to leveraging digital platforms for greater efficiency and security in tax transactions.

Simplification of Tax Reporting

Another significant development is the mandatory payrolling of benefits from April 2026. This initiative eliminates the need for employers to complete and submit Forms P11D and P11D(b), thereby reducing administrative burdens. Payrolling benefits-in-kind through payroll software will increase accuracy, minimize errors, and enable real-time reporting. This transition is expected to simplify the management of employee benefits and help businesses stay compliant with tax regulations.

Implications for Employers and Accountants

These changes have profound implications for employers and corporate accountants. The mandatory payrolling of benefits-in-kind necessitates a review of current payroll systems and processes, ensuring readiness for the upcoming changes. Employers and accountants must stay informed about the latest developments, evaluate their systems, engage with clients, and update their payroll systems accordingly.

Preparing for the Transition

To prepare for these changes, employers and accountants should:

  1. Stay updated with HMRC guidance and developments regarding payrolling benefits-in-kind.

  2. Evaluate and update payroll systems to handle the new reporting requirements.

  3. Provide training and education to payroll teams for effective management of the reporting process.

  4. Review employee benefit policies and assess the impact of including benefits in the mandatory payrolling regime.

  5. Monitor HMRC guidance and adapt processes to align with new requirements.

Looking Ahead

While these changes represent a significant shift in tax administration, they offer an opportunity to streamline processes and reduce administrative burdens. The focus on digital solutions and real-time reporting reflects HMRC's commitment to modernizing the tax system, benefiting both taxpayers and the tax authority.

In summary, the evolution of HMRC Form C9011 and related tax processes in 2024 is a step towards a more efficient, accurate, and user-friendly tax system in the UK. Employers and accountants must proactively adapt to these changes, ensuring compliance and leveraging the benefits of a modernized tax framework.


The Cash Declaration HMRC Form C9011 is a crucial tool for preventing financial crimes in the UK. It is essential for travelers carrying significant amounts of cash to understand the declaration process and adhere to the guidelines to avoid fines or other penalties.


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